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Debate on abortion has two premises: pro-life and pro-choice. The pro-life argue in favor of the right of the fetus. The pro-choice school of thought is proponent for the mother has a right of choice on whatever she has to do with her body. They argue that the mother can decide to either terminate or keep her pregnancy. They recognize the fact that any being able to be pregnant can make autonomous choices and decisions regarding what they want to do with their body.
Pro-life augments based on human reason: The reason why the bible does not speak directly about Abortion is because it was an unthinkable malady in the Israelite culture. Secondly, the bible views children as a gift from God and as such, life begins during conception and should thus be protected including the fetus. Secondly, Christians believe that God is in control of the womb and finally bareness is a bad omen.
Apart from the biblical point of view on abortion, there are other arguments that are provided for non-believers. They include researched pro-life arguments whereby studies have been undertaken in medicine. In medicine arguments against abortion arise from the fact that after conception has taken place, this embryo is different genetically from its mother. A growing fetus has a DNA that is different from the mother. An embryo that is developing is scientifically dissimilar from the ova and sperms that created it. There are 46 or 47 chromosomes in a human being whereby a sperm egg is believed to have 23 chromosomes. Since geneticist can easily differentiate embryo’s DNA and that of sperms and ovum. However, there is no clearly distinct difference between the DNA of the fetus and the afterwards fully grown human being.
In addition, the idea of defining death and life leads to a medical argument. It is known that death refers to the cessation of the heartbeat of an individual. In the embryo, the heart is formed on the 18th
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Abortion The process via which a fetus or embryo is expelled from the womb; causing pregnancy termination is referred to as abortion. When this process occurs naturally, without induction, it is referred to as miscarriage. There exists a passionate and long history about abortion.
However, like any other major phenomenon, many aspects of procreation has evoked curiosity and intrigued philosophers and scientist alike, the most controversial and popular of which is pr-life vs. pro-abortion (Baird & Rosenbaum, pp. 167-191). What today is discussed on every TV channel, newspaper and blog in terms of a highly pressing concern and agony against whether abortion should be allowed or not is a significant but a small subset of a larger debate which engulfs the realms of bioethics and that is whether a fetus possess a right to life or not.
Abortion in medical science is a process in which doctors, with the approval of the pregnant women, kill the fetus in order to terminate the pregnancy. “Abortion can lead to problems later in life as after all you are tampering with your body and obstructing the natural course of happenings”
On the other hand, opponents of Abortion claim that this act is equivalent to killing of a human being an assertion, which the proponents claim is not justifiable. One of the major justifications of the proponents of the act rests in the case of a fetus with a health condition.
The heated debate on abortion is a result of this dilemma that morality is defined in different ways by different people. However, both sides of the spectrum advance extreme views to justify their arguments, thus ignoring the warrant i.e. the standing of the issue in the larger context.
Morality however, argues on the basis of what is the right thing to do in relation to codes of conduct set by a given society. Morality and ethics follow religious concerns about life. Even so, it is important to consider reason and scientific prescription when making a crucial decision as this.
It has aggravated the derogation of the father's role in an increasingly fatherless society. It has portrayed the greatest of gifts -- a child -- as a competitor, an intrusion, and an inconvenience. It has nominally accorded mothers unfettered dominion over the independent lives of their physically dependent sons and daughters" And, in granting this unconscionable power, it has exposed many women to unjust and selfish demands from their husbands or other sexual partners.
The author states that stem cell research promises the delivery of groundbreaking medical techniques and treatments but not without cost to potential human life. Stem cells are actually obtained from human embryos and are so scientifically promising because they are essentially working cells which are unassigned specificity.
The issue of abortion has always been controversial, as it has multiple ethical problems. Even though the issue requires consideration of multiple nuances like the ontological status of embryo and religious views on the problem etc., still abortion should be the personal matter of the woman who decides to conduct the procedure.
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