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There are two primary conditions that are significantly associated with the situation in which the heart fails. They include systolic heart and diastolic heart failure (UCSF Medical Center 2015). Moreover, CHF is said to be a condition that occurs gradually and may take the time to be noticed. A reflection on CHF will help in understanding the signs and symptoms, as well as staging. The staging will focus on New York Heart Association (NYHA) classifications as well as the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) risk stages of patients.
There are various signs and symptoms of CHF. The first significant sign of the condition is challenges of breathing also known as dyspnea (American Heart Association, 2015). The challenges of breathing are common when one is engaging in any activity. However, it may occur during rest or while sleeping, and it may be sudden to a level of waking ones up (American Heart Association, 2015). Sometimes one may experience challenges of breathing while lying flat. Moreover, one may wake up tired and feel unsettled. All these challenges are associated with the blood returning to the pulmonary veins as the heart is unable to maintain the supply (American Heart Association, 2015). The other major thing is coughing or wheezing that occurs for a long time. It is characterized by the production of white or pink blood-tinged mucus (American Heart Association, 2015). The reason for this characteristic is the presence of fluids in the lung. In addition, their body has excess fluid also known as edema. The symptom is characterized by swelling mostly in the feet, ankles, legs, as well as weight gain (American Heart Association, 2015). The symptom is caused by retention of fluid in various tissues and also by inability if the kidney to discharge waste. The affected individual also feels tired. Tiredness is evident in all task one carries in a day. The reason for tiredness is the
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The researcher states that scholarships and services require a lot of devotion and goodwill of a nurse which make them important to the profession of nurse educators. In words by Fisher & Riley services and scholarships by nurse educators show how much impact the profession has on their lives and their line of duty.
Despite being a lifestyle disease, CHF prognosis posts a great danger in older and terminally ill people regardless of gender. Out of the approximated $20-40 billion, hospitalization uses about $15 billion (Anderson et al., 2010). Notably, medical conditions, including hypertension, idiopathic reasons, thyroid disease, alcohol abuse and myocarditis also cause Nonischemic CHF (Kalisch & Lee, 2010).
It is the end result of continuous loss of heart muscles due to blockage of the arteries which supply the heart muscle (Martje et al 2010). Congestive heart failure usually affects people who have advanced age. The condition presents itself as the terminal manifestation of various cardiac diseases which either weaken the heart muscle, stiffen the heart muscle, or increase the oxygen demand of the body tissue beyond the heart’s capability to deliver blood that is rich in oxygen.
It usually presents itself as terminal manifestation of various cardiac diseases, and it affects people in an advanced age. According to statistics available, CHF affects close to 5,000,000 people living in America and leads to more than 286,700 deaths annually.
The rheumatic fever recurrence might have damaged or defected one of the four heart valves. The patient is asymptomatic; this is because the diagnosis was made after the physical examination. According to the case study, the physical examination revealed a crescendo-decrescendo murmur with the sound perceived best at the left upper sterna border.
In a typical research, the researcher is interested to depict the relationship between two or more variables (Prematunga, 2012). In this case, the nurse is interested to determine the relationship between congestive heart failure and nosocomial
Quality of life was evaluated with the SF-36v2(™) and frequency of symptoms with the Atrial Fibrillation Severity Scale. Subjects wore an auto triggered cardiac loop monitor (LifeStar AF Express(®) ) for two weeks to document arrhythmias. Data analysis utilised