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It affects the smooth lining in the joints leading to pain and notable stiffness. The cartilage of the joints thins and tissues become less active, leading to swelling (Crisp, Taylor & Douglas, 2013). The case also results in body spurs due to eroding of the bones at the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis is common in women and is thrice more likely to affect women than men. The condition develops when the immune system of the body targets affected joints leading to pain and swelling. It affects the outer covering of the joints first and the spreads across the joint hence pain. People with the rheumatoid can also develop problems with other tissues and other body organs (Crisp, Taylor & Douglas, 2013).
The common clinical manifestations of the arthritis condition include long-term inflammation of the joint areas, affecting the bones and muscles in that joint. The patient also depicts aspects of stiffness in movement, swelling of the tendons and eyes. It can also reflect in swelling of the neck and in cases where it affects other tissues or organs, it can reflect as pain in those organs.
Mr. Elliot is 70 years of age and suffers from chronic arthritis. In the interview, he says he began developing symptoms of pain and swelling of the ankle joints at the age of 52 years. However, at this time, he sought treatment for pains thinking it was a normal joint defect resulting from his past career. Mr. Elliot was a professional footballer and at his formative years, he spend alit of time exercising, and in the process suffered multiple joint injuries. Therefore, when the condition started developing, he thought it was from the injuries he suffered at his young age playing football. However, he condition worsened, persisting for over 8 years, before he sought professional care. He learnt it was osteoarthritis at age of 60 years. Currently, he understands the cause of the condition and its impact to his health and lives positively, while undertaking
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The present recessionary trend, coupled with uncertainty about the future also means that couples will tend to have few children and make lesser marriage commitments, which is worrisome for the people of coming generations. The current shortfall in medical care is expected to continue for some time, as it takes at least four to seven years for a medical graduate to become fully qualified and enter into professional life.
Sociology plays an important role in chronic illnesses as it documents the issues of uncertainty as pertains to the chronic illness, doctor patient relationships, management of the symptoms and treatment modalities. The prototype chronic illness that this essay will be committed to delineating the sociological aspects of will be diabetes.
One of the most dreaded diseases during the 19th century was cholera (Schlipkoter & Flahault, 2010). Diseases like typhus, typhoid, cholera, and influenza were endemic during this time and were primarily associated with poverty, poor housing and unhealthy sanitary conditions.
Patients of diabetes and people having weak immune systems are most likely to get chronic bacterial infections. In the case of presence of two organisms in the body of the host, the organisms fight with each other rather than fighting with the body of the host, thus causing each colony to be balanced.
Humans need restful and sufficient sleep that is over 8 hours a day on average. Their training inculcates knowledge in the health psychologists about “disease processes and physiology and how the mind and body can work together on what’s going on with a specific illness in order to help that person deal with whatever issues they are being presented with” (Withrow cited in Uyemura, 2013).
Health promotion is a broad framework within which all of these issues are addressed to improve community health and reduce the number of preventable premature deaths.
Broadly defined, health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over the determinants of health and thereby improve their health (Nutbeam 1986: 116).
While this epidemic has affected all age groups, the age group of 30-39 is especially problematic with a 70 percent increase during the eight period of 1990-1998 (Center for Disease Control, 2000). These startling statistics were accompanied by a dramatic increase in obesity, adult onset diabetes, and numerous other chronic diseases.
A group refers is formed with the help of two or more people, aligned informally and sharing similar beliefs, in order to achieve a mutual objective. The nursing profession interprets and translates the significance of group working in the form of quality service
Some of the common symptoms of the disease include severe joint and muscle pain, constant fatigue, low level of activity, low mental concentration, un-refreshing sleep, frequently occurring sore throat, insomnia, night sweats among others
They were believed to be possessed by demonic powers and hence no one wanted to associate with them. With technology and more research being carried out on the mental illness causes, people are starting to embrace these people and even
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