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In each of these four episodes, the intensity of mood and symptoms defining bipolar disorder vary. Proper diagnosis of bipolar disorder needs a close consideration of the symptoms presented by the patient because each of the episodes makes patients behave differently (Doruk et al, 2014). Moreover, different forms of treatment are appropriate for each episode. Therefore, proper diagnosis is of critical significance if a medical practitioner is to make a difference in the life of a patient with bipolar disorder (Fayyazi et al, 2014). This paper will discuss the different manifestations of bipolar disorder, its pathology, the available treatment agents as well as their potential side effects and toxicities.
Pathological studies have sought to highlight the causes of bipolar disorder. In accordance with neuroimaging studies, there is evidence that different parts of the brain exhibit their involvement in the development of bipolar disorder. These include basal ganglia, cerebellar structures, cortical, and limbic. Genetic research has also pinpointed certain defects that contribute to the development of bipolar disorder (Werner, 2014). Evidently, bipolar disorder exhibits a range of symptoms. One of the distinguishing symptoms is the presence of a highly elevated mood in patients. According to diagnosis by different medical practitioners, a characteristic form of euphoria and a high level of excitement define the elevated mood. However, this excitement may include irritability. These symptoms define the manic phase of the bipolar disorder. In addition, individuals with manic bipolar disorder indulge in risky and aggressive behavior and exhibit a high level of thought processing and rapid speech. Their self-esteem is abnormally high, although they may exhibit poor judgments and increased irritation at times (Fayyazi et al, 2014). Some individuals with the manic bipolar disorder exhibit insomnia and register a high sex drive. They are more likely to spend large
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ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY Eating disorders: Binge eating disorder (BED). Obesity is often considered a matter of character rather than a matter of health. According to Haddock (2000), “Obesity is often taken as a sign of personal failing…Even though about one-third of the population is overweight, and the causes of obesity are clearly not associated with personal character, the stigma against the obese remains” (p.
Depression: Unipolar and bipolar disorders. Unipolar and bipolar disorders According to the criteria set forth by The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, unipolar depression and bipolar disorder are similar to one another in every aspect. However, research has shown that, though they are related, they are two distinct mood disorders.
It is a cycling illness affecting the ability to regulate one’s moods (Blazer & Steffens, 2009, p.301). Bipolar Disorder is characterized by either mania or hypomania which alternate or mix with depression. Thus, a typical feature of this disorder is an interplay of both mania and depression (Leahy, 2006, p.
As the paper highlights majority of the people suffering from behavioral and emotional disorders are males, and 80% of the students in regular schools. In educational settings, emotional and behavioral disorders comprise a broad category that is used in grouping of a range of difficulties or problems that affect adolescents and children.
This in turn affects the emotional condition of the person. One of the common mood disorders include depression that creates sadness in the individual reflected through disturbed symptoms in the individual (Psychological Disorders, pp.490-492). The present study focuses on the mood disorder of depression and makes a study on its nature, its current trend of diagnosis, and treatment available for the disorder.
In 2009, the guidelines were revised to reflect the emerging trends in the sector. The paper therefore reviews psychotherapy study in the maintenance and acute MDD phase. IT includes telephone-delivered and computer-based psychotherapy. The methods revolve on the format of question and answer to facilitate clinician’s accessibility.
regulation in limiting the amount of drug one consumes, an inner motivation to obtain and take the substance, and the occurrence of negative state of emotion if the drug or substance cannot be accessed. Examples of these negative states of emotions include been irritable and
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