Most researches that involve issues touching on human beings use human participants to collect data. As such, these researches must protect the human participants that are used in data collection. Sundborg,…
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Burns & Grove (2011) state that the potential benefits to the subjects would include improved physical condition that could encourage emotional and social benefits in research on therapeutic or non-therapeutic aspects In terms of risks, risks involved depend on the purpose of study and the procedures used to conduct the research. Risks could include physical, social, emotional or economic and could cause permanent damage. If the risks outweigh the benefits, the research could be unethical (Burns & Grove, 2011). Sundborg, Saleh-Stattin, Wändell & Törnkvist (2012) do not identify the benefits and risks of using human participants.
In terms of consent, researchers must obtain informed consent from the subjects. Therefore, subjects must participate voluntarily. In this research, the participants participated voluntarily because as the researchers point out, they called the individual nurses who participated where 39 agreed to participate while 1 refused. The ones who agree to participate were presented with an information letter with which they could distribute the questionnaires to their colleagues. With regard to institutional review board approval, the authors do not state whether they obtained institutional review, board approval from the agency in which the study was conducted (Sundborg, Saleh-Stattin, Wändell & Törnkvist, 2012).
logistic regression analysis. The first dependent variable is, “if you suspected that a woman was exposed to IPV, would you confirm it by asking her if it was true?” The independent variable here was, “Being sufficiently prepared”. The second dependent variable is, “do you believe that you are sufficiently prepared to deal with a woman exposed to IPV?” The independent variable here was, “having obtained knowledge by themselves” (Sundborg, Saleh-Stattin, Wändell & Törnkvist, 2012).
The researchers collect data using both primary secondary data collection methods. The primary data was collected by use of
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It is because of the diverse nature of the qualitative research approach that critical appraisal becomes cumbersome for the researchers who are less accustomed with these methods (Stige & et. al., 2009). In other words, it can be mentioned that because of the subjective nature of the qualitative research it becomes difficult to effectively critique them (Lee, 2006).
Mustanski, et al. The second is “Lifetime Prevalence of Mental Disorders and Suicide Attempts in Diverse Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Populations” by Ilan H. Meyer, et al. The reason that I chose these two articles is because of my personal interest in better understanding the mental health issues that affect the gay and lesbian population.
The Acid Base Disturbance in this patient is caused by a condition known as metabolic alkalosis. Consequently, this state occurs when the PH of the blood in arteries rise above 7.45 which is the maximum PH. The pH above 7.5 is termed as alkalemic. A general decline in hydrogen ion concentration or a surplus of base leads to alkalosis.
In every aspect of life there is an existence of communication. Business being one of the aspects of human also requires a sound communication strategy. The term communication is derived from the Latin word ‘communicare’ which signifies ‘participate’ or ‘to convey’.
However, the aim is not really specific as to why they were doing this study. They do want to know whether this method of turning patients improves pressure ulcers but the reader is not sure that it is clear enough for anyone to discern. . On the other hand the method and results were excellent and very clear to the reader how the results were obtained and what they were and though this appears to not be effective, the conclusion made clear statement.
A fall has been functionally defined as any involuntary or unintentional change from a position of being supported bipedally in an upright posture to one in which there occurs resting of a body part or the entire person on the ground (Means et al., 2005; Nowalk, et al., 2001).
Like many other diseases caused by viruses, HPV is also potentially preventable through immunization.
In this article, a research study about the efficacy of Human Papillomavirus-16 vaccine to prevent CIN 2-3 will be evaluated based on its methods on