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Pediatric radiography discussion - Case Study Example

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This is a commonly used method where an immobilization apparatus with an erect chest and abdomen procedures on infants and small children of up to 5 years, are used. The device has a small bicycle like seat where the infant or the child is placed with their legs hanging down…
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Download file to see previous pages age receptor is then placed on the holder mount and the device is able to rotate the image in the posterior and the anterior positions without actually moving the child. The digital version has the image recorded in the flat panel detector, hence it does not require a cassette holder.
When stockinettes are used, they are to be made in a tubular manner. The device comes in various sizes, where the 3 inch one is recommended for the small infants, whereas the 4 inch one is recommended for larger children. The device should be doubled and placed on the patient’s arms to cover the arms up to the shoulders. A part from being used to immobilize the arms, it is also used to act as a pillow.
There are several types of gentle tapes that are used for surgical and immobilization procedures and sensitive skins. Adhesive tapes should not be used as it may show on the radiograph and create artifact that could obscure the anatomic parts of interest. Some patients also have a reaction to the adhesive tape. Adhesive tapes can also injure the fragile skin of the infants. Therefore, the tape should be twisted so that the adhesive surface is not against the skin. Gauze pads can also be placed between the skin and adhesive tape so that the ape is used effectively.
Most of the sandbags are used as weights or immobilization devices for bigger children. These bags should be made specifically for immobilization of pediatric patients so as to be effective for this purpose. A strong canvas type material and children’s coarse sterilized playing sand should be used. The coarse sand is usually recommended so that, in case the bag can break open, the sand becomes more easily cleaned up, hence the chances of causing artifacts on the radiograph s are minimized. Two sandbags are recommended, but the sandbags should not be overfilled with sand since this will make the bag stiff. The bag needs to be pliable enough to mold to the part when placed on the child’s limb.
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