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It also discusses the three parts of the epidemiological triangle in a clear and outright way.
Voigt explains various symptoms in the Hong Kong and SARS article. It is evident that the symptom common to all patients is a fever above 38 degrees Celsius. Some patients experience mild respiratory symptoms at the first stage, but later the cold experienced resembles influenza. Statistics shows that 10 percent to 20 percent of the patients have diarrhea. It is also apparent that SARS lead to either bacterial pneumonia or viral pneumonia. SARS was diagnosed in patients who had any of the symptoms. Also, SARS was suspected in patients who had contact with individuals who had been infected with SARS. One was advised to visit the health centers for diagnosis in the case where one had travelled to any of the regions identified by World Health Organization (WHO) as areas with prone to SARS (Voigt, 2013).
Voigt also give statistics of the SARS epidemic as per the World Health Organization (WHO) report. The statistics showed that a total of 8,097 people worldwide became infected with SARS during the 2003 outbreak. The patients among these who died were 774. In considering the epidemiological triangle, the host of this epidemic was a farmer in Foshan county in the Guangdong province of china. He died soon after the infection, and there was no definite diagnosis done on his cause of death. The outbreak is believed to have been prone in November of 2002. The unfortunate thing is that the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) informed the World Health Organization (WHO) on February about the outbreak. The report they brought forward at that time showed 305 cases of infected individuals, and that there were 5 deaths caused by the epidemic (Voigt, 2013).
Sars Legacy still felt in Hong Kong article shows that lack of openness by the government of china delayed the control effort to the SARS epidemic in the region and thus the disease spread at a high rate in the Guangdong
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“Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health related states or events in specified populations, and the application of this study to control health problems” (Mckenzie et al. 2011:.64). A. Elements which impinge upon the work of the enterprise and the national and local sources of demographic and epidemiological data 1.
However, the several significant features that they have include: The allocation to the intervention groups is done randomly; trialists together with patients should stay uninformed about the kind of treatment that was given to them until the whole processes is complete, even though double blind studies as such are not normally appropriate of practicable.
Duration of breastfeeding was determined by asking parents or carers. There were 4500 mothers or careers and their children who were asked to participate in the survey, of whom 457 refused to participate, and 243 had an incomplete questionnaire and/or test results.
One can determine the attributable fraction by dividing the risk difference by the incidence among the exposed population. These fractions are useful for assessing priorities for public health actions. For example, both smoking and air pollution are the causes of lung cancer but the attributable factor smoking is usually greater than air pollution.
affirmed that the clinical research of investigating the development of leukemia associated with occupational exposures to benzenes basically has three types of potential sources of bias. These sources can be apparently noted as selection, detection and performance of
Chronic diseases need regular medical care and effective self-management alongside adequate treatment.
Gender and race are moderate demographic variables and limitations to chronic illnesses. Differences in the prevalence of chronic diseases have
In addition, the resources that enhance the quality of life have a great significance in influencing the health outcomes of a person. They include the availability of health services, access to education and affordable housing among others.
According to the world health organization report, Ebola is transmitted from animals to people and spread within the human population through a human-to-human transmission. The case fatality for Ebola averages at 50% with a
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