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Oncologists or physicians perform tests to verify the diagnosis of cancer. However, more tests are recommended by a doctor to find out more on the cancer. This is because most tests are vogue and cannot be relied on for treatment. Additionally, there are types of cancer that are hard to classify. Lymphomas is one of the types cancer that require more than one test to ascertain its existence on the body. Combination of thorough test and evaluation of the patient history of symptoms provides a clear analysis for confirmation of presence or absence of cancer. Additionally, clear and effective diagnosis provides steps of monitoring the disorder and the rightful treatment for the diseases. The most common diagnostic methods of cancer are; biopsy, x-rays, endoscopy, diagnostic imaging and the blood test.
According to Regnard and Kindlen (2002), biopsy is one of the diagnostic methods for cancer and it is done by surgically removing the tissue sample and put under microscopic test. The process involves either a short needle or a longer needle with the help of scan guidance such as CT scan or ultrasound. Diagnostic imaging is a technique used to provide internal image of the body. There are various processes performed under diagnostic imaging, such as X-rays, CT scans, positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). X-rays is the most common method used for screening lung and breast cancer. The method is effective in determining the spread of cancer to bones. CT and MRI scans are mainly used to ascertain the level of tumour and the results of treatment. The images produced during CT scans are analysed using a computer to produce images with a high number of tissues. However, MRI produces more detailed images than both CT and X-ray.
Ultrasound is another diagnostic imaging for cancer. The aspects of ultrasound are not good like CT and
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It is quite a new area since the society has turned out to be more concerned with being healthy and well; whether is regards food that is eaten, the way the bodies appear, or even how people feel. Due to this, we find that psychologists formed health psychology.
However, the cancer returned and upon initial diagnosis had metastasized to the lungs, bones and liver. The patient underwent several rounds of chemotherapy with little improvement. Prognosis is extremely poor for this patient due to the metastasis and the non-response to traditional chemotherapy, and therefore she has been given a terminal diagnosis.
Such cells form malignant tumors which invade body parts that are nearby, or spread to other parts through the lymphatic system. Those that manifest as benign tumors do not spread to other body parts or grow uncontrollably. There is no single test that can effectively diagnose cancer and thus many tests are required to determine if a person has cancer or if the presented condition are symptoms of another disease that mimic the symptoms of cancer.
The term encompasses helping an individual be functional, healthy, and independent and as comfortable as is possible despite diseases’ including chronic and debilitating disease such as is frequently treated in the field of oncology. In diseases that are not curable care is always considered palliative care.
Cancer is a condition, which occurs when body cells undergo uncontrolled multiplication. There are two types of cancers benign cancer and malignant cancer. Benign cancers are harmless cancers that do not affect the health of an individual. Benign cancers do not multiply uncontrollably.
The main purpose of this research is to show that while testing for breast cancer is a positive influence in women's lives it can not provide the quality assurance that is needed without appropriate, timely, and accurate follow up treatment, following the quality imaging that could possibly show an abnormality within the breast.
It is best delivered by an interdisciplinary team which can offer integrated focus to physical, psychological, social spiritual and practical dilemmas of both the patients and their families.
However, does a person have to be dying to receive palliative care Palliative care is meant for people who are fatally or incurably ill, seriously ill, or chronically ill with life-limiting conditions that cannot be remedied by surgery or therapies.
Research done by Dell, show that being female and increasing age, adds to the risk of getting cancer. The number of women in various age groups of "age 30 to 35, the incidence of breast cancer is 27.9 cases per 100,000 women; by age 80, the number rises to 412 cases per 100,000 women."
of cancer, which by definition, affects the entire bone marrow and hence, every tissue supplied by the peripheral blood flow, made it difficult till recently to give curative radiotherapy without fatal over-irradiation. Radiotherapy is considered to be quite effectual for
Compassionate care is an approach to treatment that aims to address the various issues affecting the lives of terminally ill individuals by improving their quality of life. Medical physicians and other healthcare personnel work to reduce any pain and discomfort and to make any other specific symptoms affecting these patients more manageable. This care is provided within an environment that the patients feel the most comfortable though they may be taken to hospital in the event any serious medical crisis occurs requiring specialized treatment.
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