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Addie Gilbert, 51, saw the final straw while trying on her favorite red dress whose front was adorned with stylish criss-cross straps, thinking she might never have to wear it again. Following her mastectomy, the heavy prosthesis underneath was clearly visible. She said, “I was so depressed that I sat on the floor of my bedroom and cut the dress up into little pieces with scissors” (Boughton, 2000). After her mastectomy, she was not only worried about her inability to wear her favorite clothes in the future, but was also troubled by the trauma brought about by the diagnosis of breast cancer every time she saw her reflection and the scar over her chest in the mirror. Gilbert thus decided to have her breast reconstructed. Her breast was molded by taking skin and tissue from her abdomen. Addition of an areola and nipple three months later with an office procedure made her whole again. Different women respond to the surgery of breast cancer in different ways depending upon their psychology, self-perception, age, and whether or not the surgery is accompanied by such adjuvant therapeutic procedures as chemotherapy and radiation. Mastectomy can be hard to come to terms with for women like Gilbert, though it is an acceptable alternative for many other patient of breast cancer.
Women undergoing surgery for breast cancer commonly experience major regrets because of severe emotional trauma, complications of surgery, lack of postoperative psychological support, complications of reconstruction, phantom pain, and dissatisfaction with the procedure’s cosmetic outcome. Frost et al. (2000) performed a detailed research to investigate the overall social and psychological well-being and long-term satisfaction in women that have undergone prophylactic mastectomy. The researchers found a 74 per cent reduction in the emotional concern regarding the
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Breast cancer is the more common type cancer among American women and is one of the leading causes of death in the United States (Weaver, 2007). For instance, in 2007, experts estimated placed at 240,000 people, including men, who will be victims of cancer in the United States for that year (Weaver, 2007).
According to the research findings it can therefore be said that breast cancer is an important malignancy in women because of its high incidence. The signs and symptoms of breast cancer are important to be understood by women as the early detection of the tumor plays an important role in better prognosis.
From her expressed sentiments it is clear that she is more frustrated than depressed, as she shows concern about the functionality of her body rather than despair, which is a natural reaction in most cases. However, this brief narrative might be insufficient for evaluation of her real actual psychological state, as she might be putting up a brave stance in the clinical setting.
2010, 265). The possibility of death, in addition to painful and inflexible treatment that weakens self-worth, and a severe level of fear and sense of vulnerability or helplessness are a good reason for psychosocial assessment (Spiegel & Classen 2000). Once diagnosed with breast cancer, a woman becomes convinced that her life will drastically change.
Mastectomy is the surgical resection of the breast tissues usually involves the removal of a quarter parts and followed with radiotherapy and chemotherapy for higher percentage of good prognosis (Dodge, 2011). But since the introduction of lumpectomy as another alternative for mastectomy, it had gained recognition slowly but steadily.
Pain, considered as the most common symptom and as the most tangible sign of distress among patients should thereby be understood among all. Pain should be treated as the ultimate enemy and therefore needs to be perceived and studied jointly in order to alleviate or limit its tenacity.
The Government's directives and professional body guidelines on treatment of these diseases will be examined with utmost care and support in managing this patient in the community.
As stated in Confidentiality NHS Code of Practice on WWW , identification of all the persons and areas involved have been removed to maintain confidentiality.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women, but for nonmelanoma skin cancers and is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in women today (after lung cancer). According to the World Health Organization, more than 1.2
Ethnic specific mutations of BRCA1 and BRCA2 are found in Ashkenazi (European) Jewish origin and in some families in Iceland, the Netherlands, and the Balkans. American Cancer Society has reported that breast cancer related deaths are