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The aim of medication is to alleviate a patient from his/her illness and improve his quality of life. Many risks are associated with providing drug therapy as mistakes can result in the lose life or adverse effects on the patient’s health. Hospitals should organize their systems for producing, dispensing and administering medications to reduce the probability of medication errors. Errors can occur at different stages of the system, either in the pharmaceutical company, the hospital, the practitioner, the nurse or even the patient. The hospital can implement formulary systems, whereby the doctors, nurses, patients and pharmacists form societies that evaluate previous medication errors and formulate principles to annihilate the reoccurrence of such mistakes.
Charting systems can be used to reduce the amount of medication errors. These systems can be combined with a decision support feature which will helps detect any inconsistencies in the diagnosis. These systems should also be in the form of real time entry; this allows the next nurse to be up to date with the treatment.
Independent double checks can also be carried out before a drug is administered to the patient. This process involves two nurses verifying the drug diagnosed to a patient by ensuring it coincides with his medical condition (Whitehead, 2012). This method detects and helps avoid errors at the point of care. However, when the nurses are under stressful working conditions, the double check method has a failure rate of 20% and some errors are undetected. Drugs which have serious adverse effects when administered incorrectly should be placed on high alert. More caution should be taken when prescribing these drugs and they should be double checked with higher caution.
Information technology can also be used to try and prevent the number of medication errors. Bar medication administration has also been introduced to reduce the amount of medication errors
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Running Head: Medication Errors. Medication Errors Name: Course Title: Instructor’s Name: Institution: Date: Abstract There is a high prevalence of medication errors which result from a number of reasons such as wrong diagnosis, drug selection, prescription, transcription, labeling and packaging-just to mention but a few.
Traditionally, doctors were the only professionals involved in prescribing, but now, nurses and pharmacists are also involved in prescription other than just taking care of patients (Courtenary and Griffiths, 2010). Majority of medical errors occur during prescription stage and this can be avoided by the use of electronic prescribing.
This is a situation where either the drugs given are wrong or the procedure used contravenes the standard way of providing healthcare, which causes harm to the patient or even worse death. The most common medication errors are related with the administering of an incorrect dose of medicine largely due to wrongly understood prescription.
Medication errors involve failure to prescribe the appropriate therapeutic drug. In addition, they can also involve errors in the components and the synthesis of the drug. Medical errors can be broadly classified from a psychological perspective into mistakes and skill based errors.
Medication errors may occur in the process of treating the patient since the treatment has several stages. The first stage is whereby the patient visits the doctor and after the doctor examines the patient he prescribes the medication that the patient ought to receive.
While the financial and economic issues remain considerable, the professional issues are undeniable. Many healthcare professionals are involved in patient care since healthcare is essentially collaborative share of care involving physicians, nurses, pharmacists, and many other personnel.
As stated by Brailer (2005), the staffs and medical technology that go into American medicine may be the best in the world, but the care that comes out the other side is beset by enough mistakes to make medical error the third leading cause of death, behind heart disease
The organizations should establish policies of medication administration (Choo and Bucknall, 2010). Tasks can be adequately performed with the availability of sufficient personnel. To achieve this, reasonable working hours and workload levels should be established. Drug
This is a worrying trend that needs immediate attention if the health facility is to meet its objectives. In order to get back on the right track, the board needs to take drastic measures to remedy the situation. One such measure is to improve communication among the nurses, other employees, and the board.
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