Cocaine has a variety of harmful effects on the emotional, psychological, and physical health of the users. Alongside, cocaine offers certain benefits to the users. Withdrawal from cocaine is emotionally demanding…
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Cocaine use is higher in the adults aged between 18 and 25 years compared to other age groups, with cocaine use in the past month being reported by 1.5 percent young adults (NIDA, 2010). Also, cocaine use is more common in men as compared to women.
The annual Monitoring and Future survey in 2009 surveyed drug use and teen attitudes, reporting a considerable reduction in the 30-day powder cocaine use prevalence among children in the 8th, 10th, and 12th grades than they were in the late 1990s (NIDA, 2010).
Repeated use of cocaine leads to addiction as well as other health consequences. NSDUH reported in 2008 that as many as 1.4 million Americans complied with the criteria set by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders for abuse of cocaine or dependence on it within the previous year (NIDA, 2010). In addition to that, the 2008 Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) noted the involvement of cocaine in 482,188 of up to 2 million cases of drug abuse or misuse in the emergency departments (NIDA, 2010). This can be interpreted as one in four cases of drug abuse or misuse involving cocaine reported in the emergency department visits.
Cocaine causes high addiction. It is almost impossible for an individual using cocaine to be able to control or predict the extent to which they will use it. The risk of relapse upon addiction is very high even if the individual experiences long periods of abstinence from the drug. Memory of exposure to or experience of cocaine during the periods of abstinence can trigger immense craving for the drug.
Withdrawal symptoms of cocaine include but are not limited to restless behavior, agitation, fatigue, depression, generalized malaise, slowing of activity, increased appetite, unpleasant dreams and nausea (NIH, 2014). The individual can experience depression and craving for several months after cessation of heavy use of
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(Cocaine Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 1)
“Cocaine Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1660685-cocaine.
Though the country has one of the most severe laws for punishing persons dealing in drugs, heroine and crack cocaine, which attract one of the most severe legal punishments, are widely used in the country. Researchers have delved on the issue of why the two drugs are widely abused in the country for long periods and most attribute it to the historical cultural factors of the British.
Cocaine is also called coke, rock, snow, toot, blow, dust, nose candy, line, sneeze, powder, liquid lady, white pony, flake, C, the lady and crack. Most of these names come from the way they are used or the way they are prepared. Today, cocaine is a Schedule II drug which means that it has high potential for abuse, but can be administered by a doctor for legitimate medical uses as a local anesthetic for some eye, ear and throat surgeries (Psychology Today, 2008).
At present, there are many respectable doctors, pastors, lawyers, and politicians who are addicted to cocaine. Fighting this drug remains a challenge because its closeted addicts are embarrassed about their addiction and will not admit their failings to others.
This kind of drug increases the behavior that leads to its use. The craving of cocaine can be increased on a very high level if the individual sniffs it directly rather than smoking it with cigarette (GEO, 1991).
When the individual smokes the crack, it
dates back to the years of 1986 when the Anti Drug Abuse Act was passed when the basketball star Len Bias died after consuming a high doze of powder cocaine. The Act imposed a 100-1 disparity between the people who possessed crack cocaine and powder cocaine. It was generally
Furthermore Florida’s proximity to the Caribbean means that it is easier to move drugs into Florida than elsewhere. Miami alone passes some 9 million tons of cargo so it is impractical to check every single container on the move.
How is it being used now: Presently use of cocaine for medicinal purposes has significantly decreased whereby it is only used for minor surgeries as an anesthetic, however individuals especially young adults continue to abuse crack cocaine, which is a free
The author states that cocaine takes different amounts of time to hook people onto it, but the result is the same for all its users, and they all finally become dependent on the drug and are unable to properly function without it in their system. Users of cocaine experience a type of euphoria after its intake that they refer to as “a high”.
A proper example of how substances taken by mothers affect unborn babies is that of the Thalidomide babies of the 1960’s where nearly 12,000 babies in 46 countries were born with defective limbs and internal