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Unit 3:HS450 Part II Workplace Communication and Content Theories of Motivation - Essay Example

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It is a force that inspires and encourages individuals into doing their best. Motivation comes about as a result of three factors: desire/need…
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Unit 3:HS450 Part II Workplace Communication and Content Theories of Motivation
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Workplace Communication and Content Theories of Motivation Motivation is the desire and ambition within an individual that drives him towards the achievement of his goals (Stringfellow, 2012). It is a force that inspires and encourages individuals into doing their best. Motivation comes about as a result of three factors: desire/need intensity, the goal value and finally the individual’s expectations.
Maslow’s needs hierarchy is very sensible in that the lower needs (psychological) have to be satisfied first before having a look at the higher one (Borkowski, 2008)s. For instance, if our bodies are mentally/physically impaired, are not likely to work and thus we cannot achieve.
According to the ERG Theory Maslow’s hierarchy seems to overlap and it can simply be represented in three factors (Stringfellow, 2012). First is existence within which we have psychological and safety needs, second is relatedness where we have social and esteem needs and finally is growth which encompasses esteem and self-actualization.
The two factor theory by Herzberg explains how job enrichment and enlargement determines job design (Borkowski, 2008). Job enrichment emphasizes that to attain achievement one has to get rid of the negative factors while embracing positive ones. On the other hand, job enlargement opens doors for growth.
The components of job characteristics model (variety of skills, identification of task, significance of the task, autonomy and feedback) have a great impact on the psychological state, which in turn affect work outcomes (Stringfellow, 2012). It states that all the characteristics in combination form what is called Motivation Potential Score (MPS) which is applied in the determination of attitudes and behaviors of employees.
The three needs theory suggests that an individual’s needs develops over time and are streamlined by the experiences that one goes through (Borkowski, 2008). The theory tries to explore the essence of experience and it brings about new insights that bring about success in management. Moreover, with experience managers are able to balance between situations for greater achievements.
In conclusion, all the theories suggest that motivation has to start form within an individual. They also emphasize the essence of motivation in achieving one’s own goals. Without motivation jobs are likely to be done unsatisfactorily or not done at all, hence the need for management to embrace motivation in the workplaces (Borkowski, 2008).

References
Borkowski, N. (2008). Organizational Behavior, Theory and Design in Healthcare. New York: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Stringfellow A. (2012). How to Incorporate Motivation Theories in Workplace. University of Liverpool. Retrieved on 21, Aug 2012 from: http://www.ehow.com/how_4987717_incorporate-motivation-theories-workplace.html Read More
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