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Literary vs. Research Theory - Essay Example

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Literature can be in the form of texts, either fictional or non fictional, documents of history, legal writings, advertisements and cultural events. Literary theory is…
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Literary vs. Research Theory
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Literary versus Research theory Literary versus Research theory Literary theory refers to systems used by critics to read, explain and evaluate a piece of literature. Literature can be in the form of texts, either fictional or non fictional, documents of history, legal writings, advertisements and cultural events. Literary theory is subdivided into various schools of thought. The main focal point of each school of thought is used by critics to try and explain different kinds of literary work. One example of literary theory is Marxism. It is based on socioeconomics. Another example is the Darwinian Theory, based on modern synthesis of evolution. The final example is the New Criticism based on moral and religious structures (Klarer, 2004).
Research theory, on the other hand, is a systematic method, mostly used in social sciences, to generate new theories or test existing ones on the basis of data analysis. In the case of creation of a new theory, an existing theory is used as a basis for suggestions as to what kind of research should be carried out. Challenging an existing theory consists of using data as dictated by the null hypothesis based on the existing theory. Examples of research theories include descriptive theories, co relational theories and experimental theories (Klarer, 2004).
Both literary and research theories have methods or schools of thought that cannot be clearly cut from one another. They both provide a general sense of a basis in which we can base our arguments as we try to explain the complexities of various aspects in life. Both theories are important in attempting to rationalize different phenomena, and in trying the core cause-effect relationship (Klarer, 2004).
Reference
Klarer, M. (2004). An introduction to literary studies. London: Oxford University Press. Read More
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