Stem Cells, IVF, and Cloning: Five Ethical Questions - Assignment Example

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Examples are skin, muscle, and bone marrow. The bone marrow contains stem cells that form blood cells on daily basis.
ii) Fetal stem…
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Stem Cells, IVF, and Cloning: Five Ethical Questions
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Download file to see previous pages These stem cells are important for treating diseases of blood and for re-establishing the blood system after treatment of cancer.
v. Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPS cells): These are the stem cells created by inducing specialized cells to articulate genes that are usually prepared in embryonic stem cells, and are important in creating disease-specific cell lines for research purpose.
IVF is a kind of fertilization in which the egg and the sperm are manually fertilized in the laboratory. If the fertilization is successful, the embryo is transferred to the uterus of the mother (American Pregnancy Association, 2012). IVF is important for women who are unable to get pregnant through natural procedure.
Cloning is a process in which an organism is created as an exact genetic replica of another organism. Both the organisms share exact copies of genetic material. In the laboratory, cells are derived from an embryo or fetus, and are given the kind of environment in which they regenerate themselves. Cloning can be important in creating exact copies of organisms.
1. Cloning has seen many ethical objections, many of which are religious. Religious scholars say that humans do not have the right to ‘create’ life. It is just like playing God. Genetic variability will decrease when much of the population is the same. In this way, cloning interferes with natural evolution. According to utilitarianism, the displeasure of many people brought about by cloning outweighs the pleasure of some people. Also, the money spent on cloning can be better spent on the eradication of diseases in many third world countries, producing much more pleasure than cloning can bring. Hence, utilitarianism rejects cloning. Cloning is also against Conformity to God’s Commands. God did not instruct humans to clone themselves. Goodness comes with conformity to God’s will. Cloning also goes against the Natural Law, which suggests uniqueness of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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