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Trace the history of cipher systems during the period between WW I and WW II. Which country appeared to lead the way in cipher development/breaking Support your response - Essay Example

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The classical cryptography of ancient times consisted of techniques of encryption using paper and pen or mechanical aids. From 20th century onwards, cryptography developed to involve the use of complex…
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Trace the history of cipher systems during the period between WW I and WW II. Which country appeared to lead the way in cipher development/breaking Support your response
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Extract of sample "Trace the history of cipher systems during the period between WW I and WW II. Which country appeared to lead the way in cipher development/breaking Support your response"

Download file to see previous pages Certain countries played a big role in the development of the cipher systems between the First World War and the Second World War while other countries were involved in the destruction of the cipher systems of their enemies. “The first world war showed the importance of cryptography on the battlefield, and the danger of weak encryption, and spawned the development of the ‘unbreakable’ one time letter pad. The second world war became a defining moment in the history of cryptography and placed it squarely at the centre of military and political strategy from that time to the present day” (cypher.com.au, 2006). One country that was primarily involved in the destruction of German cipher systems was Britain.
In the initial two years of the First World War, code systems were used both for diplomatic communications and the high-command. Cipher systems were exclusively used to communicate tactically. The army took help from the only organization with cryptanalytic expertise in the US; the Riverbank Laboratories. It was a private research foundation established in Geneva, Illinois by the eccentric philanthropist George Fabyan. From 1917 to 1918, three classes of Army cryptanalysts gained training from this organization. The level of sophistication of the US Signal Corps’s cipher disk, one of the field cipher systems, was not up to the mark. However, certain complicated cipher systems had been developed and were in use for high-level communications by the time the war ended. One of the most popular and widely used cipher systems of that time was the German ADFGVX fractionation cipher.
Many mathematical techniques were developed before the outbreak of the Second World War. By the time the Second World War started, the electromechanical and mechanical cipher machines were rapidly used. Manual techniques were used where use of the cipher machines was impractical. Both cryptanalysis and the cipher design were improved with great secrecy. With the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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