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een crime and the family is specifically apparent: an amazing forty-six percent of prisoners are of the view that they have intimate relatives who have been in prison earlier (Gains & Miller 38).
Learning theory is one type of social process theory, and it was introduced by Edwin Sutherland and as per this theory, crime is described as learned behavior. The teacher who will be normally a family member or friend will teach emotional and practical skills that are needed to engross in criminal activity. Thus, people who involve in these disparaging criminal actions have better opportunities of involving in criminal activities themselves.
One another kind of social process theory is labeling theory, which argues that somebody is branded as criminal or delinquent by officials or authorities. The disgrace that results from these social process bars a person from the society or community thereby augment the opportunities that the individual will acknowledge such a label as his identity and engross in a style of criminal behavior. (Gains & Miller 38).
Conflicting theory presupposes that conflict is the normal condition of the society, and this theory supposes that control over society needs active restraint, sometimes in the guise of coercion. This ideology believes that common interests and values cannot maintain social control, since they are not in existence. There are many varieties of conflicting theories, which include feminists, left realism, postmodern thought and peacekeeping but they all reallocate their significance from to make enforcing and law making from that of law breaking. Conflicting theories affirm that criminal law does not mirror agreed-on principles, absolute or universal moral values. On the other hand, the other hand, criminal law characterizes and how criminal justice agencies protect and preserve, the values and the interests of the principal social groups. Thus, under conflict theory, criminal law and procedure are meant to safeguard the
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Demonstrated, will be the basic tenets of both theories in relation to crime with a few instances that will serve to show how these theories explain deviance. Both theories will also be examined insofar as their limitations. It will be argued that among the theories in question, conflict theory is more comprehensive than functionalism, but still limited in terms of the scope of explanation.
This papers will investigate the two key criminology schools of thought (positivist and classical), their perspectives and views of human nature, justice and reason for sentencing crime suspect. The discussion will also outline the profound differences and similarities between the two schools of thoughts.
The labeling theory also believes that while an individual may commit one criminal act, his or her tendency to commit additional acts comes from society's label. This theory has been very popular in the last half century and has had an important impact on criminology in both positive and negative ways.
On the other hand, Criminology is the scientific study of Criminal justice as well as crime, criminals, and criminal behavior; their main task being, research on why people turn to crime such as biological, psychological and sociological
So, the theory concludes, that if an object is not properly guarded and if the reward correlates with the risk then a crime is likely to happen. Crime does not happen because of a great number of wicked people or the appearance of some super-predators in the area. The crime
Crime, being an action, is a factor of a condition or a situation. A force therefore exists that drives a person into an act or thought of committing a crime. Messner explores causes of crimes from three perspectives, “social and economic developments,” “cultural
Criminologists have adopted diverse ways of incorporating social and behavioral sciences in the study of criminology. Social philosophers developed varied theories that explain the reasons or cause for increased crimes in the society.
The monopolistic systems of policing have paved the way to pluralised systems, largely fragmented across networks of security governance (McCrie, 2006). This interconnection of the policing function is understood as a broad process of social change linked with numerous areas of
It has aided in producing results that has influenced the convicts and the people who place the convicts behind the bar, it also helps in resolving the ground on which the lawyers and judges think when
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