Critically examine the distinctions between explanatory and constitutive theories of International Relations, illustrating your argument with insights from a variety of theoretical perspectives
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Critically examine the distinctions between explanatory and constitutive theories of International Relations, illustrating your argument with insights from a variety of theoretical perspectives - Essay Example
The study of international relations deals with relations, contacts, dealings and communications respecting grounds such as social, economic, cultural and most importantly political, among the existent sovereign nations of the world. In the true sense, study of International…
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Papp (2002) expresses that the profound insight into this discipline, different theories have been advanced by the scholars of this discipline. These theories not only help understand relations among the nations but also provide a complete framework of body for effective governance of the states and deal world politics at large.
These theories include Realism, Neo-realism, Liberalism, Neo-liberalism, Constructivism, Idealism, Liberal Internationalism, Marxism, Functionalism and Post-structuralism etc which mark their existence as dominating thought of international system ever since emphasis on this discipline’s has been laid upon. According to Donnelly (2000), these theories endeavour to provide a conceptual framework to comprehend the basis of relations among the nations. In connection with asserting their actuality and validity, these theories take into account various assumptions for establishment of conceptualisation which have become mandatory under all circumstances for a profound insight into international relations. Before going further, a look at these concepts which seek their origin from these theories is all the most necessary.
They are Nation-state, Balance of Power, National Interests, Elements of Power etc. they draw their birth from this theoretical system of body. Importance of these theories can be understood from the fact that without a conceptual framework of these theories, understanding world politics through international relations’ concepts was not possible. Keeping aside all other theories, for instance Waltz (1979), current debate on distinction between explanatory approach and constitutive approach in international relations will be deal by this paper. These approaches were taken into consideration for the classification of the international relations’ theories.
In a practical perspective the realism is major participant in
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The world today has become a system of interdependent states, which need each other to survival in an increasingly competitive international system. This interdependence among states means that they have to find ways of relating with each other in order to maintain international security, even as they pursue their individual interests (Beitz, 1999, pp.
The whole implemented process is then further assessed after a particular time to see the extent of execution of plans and their success. Any further modifications, if needed, in the existing strategies or new additions to accomplish the goals according to the changing circumstances, technologies, environment, etc, are made.
In accordance with this, a realist analysis may proceed in evaluating the importance of global security, international hegemony, natural resources, and “democratization” in reference to the NATO deployment in Afghanistan. The justification for the use of NATO forces in Afghanistan is based on the association of al-Qaeda and Osama bin Laden with the Taliban in the country, who were in control of the State apparatus in 2001 when the 9/11 attacks occurred.
In general, theory of global policy or international relations theory must be traced to at least three principal theoretical traditions, such as Realism, Liberalism, and Constructivism. The first ones belong to the positivist/rationalist group of theories, and the latter belongs to the post-positivist/reflectivist group; significantly, positivist theories are focused on “state-level analysis,” (Jackson and Sorensen, 2002) whereas reflectionist’ ones are based on “expanding meanings of security, class, or gender.” (Jackson and Sorensen, 2002) But, aiming to be concentrated on this principal three, we must represent briefly also a wide range of other ones, such as: Idealism, Marxism,
Ann-Marie looks at how different countries will react to a multilateral international arena (1). There is also an analysis of how changes in other non-political areas, for example the environment will shape international relations. Ann-Marie is optimistic that countries that take the necessary caution will be able to survive the power shift, especially by forming and enforcing the existing regional blocs (1).
International relations theories are divided into positivist/rationalist theories and post-positivist/reflectivist theories. The former focuses on principally state-level analysis while the latter focuses on the expanded meanings of security with references as to gender, class and other characteristics.
Nonetheless, even with the global acceptance and acknowledgement of the importance of leadership in the business context, research on leadership behaviour rarely presents studies dedicated to region or country-specific entrepreneur ship (e.g., Baum, Locke, & Kirkpatrick,
The author states that one of the core ideas in Liberal thinking is that of the democratic peace thesis derived from the Kantian maxim claiming that republican (democratic) states do not fight one another. For Kant, the reasoning was simple: democratic states were internally more peaceful due to the pacific effects of international trade.
In the study undertaken, the main objective is to be able to present a view on the International Relations (IR) and other related social theories specifically the postmodernism theory. The present trend of the international community can be viewed towards the trend of globalization and oneness. The interaction can be considered as a significant focus.
This paper concerns the realism and liberalism as the two major theories of international politics. Although they differ with respect to their basic assumptions about the nation-state, the international order and the role of conflict in the international system, both of them provide substantial insight into the ways in which the international order is structured.
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