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The processes of material design, task demonstration and evaluation are covered in this essay, while relevant teaching theories or principles are subsequently treated.
The process of foreign language acquisition in China is, to some extent, still based on the traditional educational system that emphasizes on the reading and writing of a foreign language like English with the hope of translating it. The students are primarily taught to learn English through reading various texts that could broaden their knowledge of the language (Adamson, 2004; Burkett, 2009; Dzau, 1990). As a result of this, teachers are saddled with the responsibility of making English seem understandable to their students. The current demand for English in China has also increased the pressure on primary school teachers to do more in the area of improving the reading skill of their students.
The fundamental objective of adopting Task-Based Approach in the reading teaching at elementary level in China is to detect the reading competence of each student under the full watch of his or her Homeroom Teacher, who would provide the needed assistance to help the students become near-confident readers, if not totally-confident readers (Grellet, 1992). The students are given simple stories to read depending on their grades—the little harder reading comprehension goes to the farther end of the spectrum. The purpose of this is to improve their reading fluency, not necessarily to make them memorize their textbooks’ contents (Hiskes, 2007). Task-Based Approach lets the teachers perceive the students’ reaction to words they may have been taught before. For examples, showing the ability to identify and pronounce simple words about weather, food, fruits and colours as they appear on the textbooks used for this task. Most teachers believe that exposing children to the words they had heard before may increase their ability to identify related words on
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The basic stage helps to create a powerful foundation for young children. At the next stage, the learner begins to understand the basic sounds and letters of words. Alphabets are introduced to the learner in order to achieve efficiency and effectiveness. Fluency involves the ability of students to develop their skills in a logical and practical manner (Alderson, 2003: Pg 23).
English is a significant factor in national unification of many nations from Sierra Leone to Malaysia. English is the national language of twenty-one nations including Lesotho and Liberia and an official language in fifteen others including Cameroon and Dahomey.
Department of Education, 2000). This literature review shall discuss the early stages of reading instruction, when students with learning disabilities often have difficulty acquiring the developmental skills related to reading, including orthographic and phonological awareness.
The course consists of activities for oral and visual communication, reading and writing. Oral and visual communication activities are aimed at developing fluency and accuracy in oral communication, using English in socially appropriate ways and developing appreciation for information from media sources.
According to the report an effective reader is a product of employed good strategies, which are not however easily recognised, unless through effective teaching. In the reading process, the learner must learn the fundamentals of reading comprehension, which serves as the key concept in a good reading.
was found that “early interventions led to significantly better outcomes than the same interventions begun later in kindergarten” (O’Connor, 2008). It was also found that English only and English learners exhibited similar rates of growth. This shows the importance of
Children listen to stories and narrate them on their own understanding (Simmons, 2012). They play with alphabet blocks, draw pictures, write letters and watch as grownups read for pleasure. Through listening to stories and playing with alphabet blocks
The questions of effectiveness, reliability, and the conditions of each method application will be answered in the paper. The purpose of the essay is to determine the most optimal methods for learning English.