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They even shared a common philosophical belief. Stated otherwise, medieval philosophy was a combination of principles from the three societies—the Greek East, Jewish and the Islamic.
On the part of Greek East influence, there were many philosophers who served as the instrument to spread its ideology. The first one to heed this call was Socrates, followed by Plato (student of Socrates) then continued by Aristotle (student of Plato). A chain of influence was seemingly transferred from one generation to the other. With regard to Plato, he was able to influence the Middle Ages by his dialogues and creation of an academy. His academy was the “first institution of higher learning in the Western world” (“Plato”). On the other hand, Plato’s dialogues were observed to be mere reiteration of his teacher’s philosophy. The dialogues tackled both social and political issues of societies. Notably, during the Middle Ages, there was a call for a deviation from the path of classical learning. It was the period between the Classical Age and Renaissance (Hines). Europe then experienced a change of ideology within its society. The body politic that was once focused on Classical principles was transformed into a community that longed for new avenues towards development. Learning was made open to everyone interested. An emphasis was made with regard to education. Plato’s idea on education was revived but with modifications. Education was not just made available to certain class of people. The strict application of principles was then abrogated. The European community believed that an open access to education is advantageous to all its members. As such, scholars were allowed to use varied methods to institute learning. Moreover, administration of education was not just limited to government authorities. Religious congregations especially those who believe in Christianity have made their own schools. This became the starting point of the establishment
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The works of Plato have been published in a number of ways. His works have been widely referenced and so many other concepts and philosophies have been based on the works of Plato. It can be said that each culture is based on some distant philosophy which is widely adopted by the people and ultimately turns into the values and traditions of the people.
Socrates was born in Athens in 469 BC. His mother was a midwife and his father a stone-carver. He lived during the time of the Peloponnesian war, and he fought for Greece then. When Socrates reached his forties, he began asking a lot of questions. He was a curious man and he wanted answers to his questions.
The ideas spawned by him were given further life and shape by his bright pupil Plato, who also documented much of what Socrates orated to his audience. Although he was a prominent member of the Aristocratic class, his lack of deference to authority would ultimately lead to his tragic end.
…..8 Name 1 Name Class Instructor Date Demos and Dogma: Plato, Aristotle and the Ethics of Democratic Government Plato and Aristotle represent two of the three sides of Greek antiquity’s great philosophic triad, Socrates being the other third. Together, they form a foundational continuum of philosophic thought, inquiry and hypothesis that underlies Western concepts of politics, government, law and education.
The Greek philosophers over the time established different points of view with respect to education and to whom it should imparted on. Not only that, but the Greek philosophers, namely Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, also highlighted the areas of subjects that need to be taught to the people, furthermore finding links between the politics, economics and societies with the subjects being taught.
Plato argues that what is right is defined without any reference to the gods (Plato, 2008). This argument elicits a contemporary criticism of the purpose of morality and God’s command rooted in the Euthyphro dilemma. The perception that Gods will is the basis in determining morality is referred to as theological voluntarism, which most Christians adopt.
Philosophy is different other subjects in the manner in which it addresses tribulations. This is whereby it applies its critical, general systematic approaches as well as its dependence on logical argument. Concisely, philosophy refers to the fundamental beliefs, notions, and attitudes of individuals or groups of people.
general definition, one might begin to understand the complexities involved in studying philosophy as it seems to encompass just about all knowledge pursuits. One of the earliest individuals to try to bring sharper definition to our deeper thoughts was Plato.
It is through
h, Plato took some time to travel abroad, but when he came back, he started the Academy, a school that would teach philosophical though; Plato would take up the same role as teacher that Socrates had for him. He followed in Socrates’ footsteps, expanding what he had been
n attributing the same virtues to the individual, we will find that the soul contains threeelements, structured as they are in the state." (Smith, 239)
In the era of Republic in ancient Greece, the soul was believed to be comprised of three elements that is "reason, "spirit,"
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