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"Critically evaluate the role of physical activity in preventing lifestyle related diseases such as obesity, CVD and type 2 diabetes"
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It has been observed that the prevalence of the heart diseases and strokes have declined overtime with an increase in the obesity related diseases. Excess weight gives rise to diseases like hypertension, diabetes and other cardio metabolic disease. Among the modern chronic disease, the cardiovascular disease, metabolic disease and Type 2 Diabetes are the most prevalent diseases in the world. All the mentioned diseases are related to health and physical fitness. “Physical inactivity has been related to the occurrence of coronary heart disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and osteoporosis.” (Siscovick, Laporte, Newman March 1985, p. 180) Staying fit and adopting a healthy lifestyle can avoid all these diseases.
Diet and physical activity is known to play a key role in the risk of being affected with the chronic diseases. High morbidity rates were mainly associated to the underdeveloped nations, prevalent due to the unhealthy living conditions and lack of availability of proper and nutritious diet. These diseases were caused due to unavailability of proper living conditions. With the development of the nations the living circumstances of the people have enhanced significantly. The diseases like the polio, diarrhea and starvation have given a way to the diseases like diabetes, metabolic diseases and cancer. This change in the health patterns has taken place due to the change in the diet and lifestyle patterns of the people in the westernized countries. These diseases are often referred to as the rich man’s diseases. With the advent of the modern technology in the life of the human beings the lifestyles have changed considerably. The popular use of machines has decreased the amount of physical labor a person did to complete the same tasks as now. Leisure activities have increased and so have the health related problems. Research based on the affect of the physical activities on the risk factors of the chronic diseases show “the joint association
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Dear customer, I have edited the work as much as possible to meet the demands of your lecturer. However, I have had to rearrange the ideas to make the work well organised. The approach I used is as follows 1. Introduction 2. Explanation of type 2 diabetes 3.
Insulin is a hormone which is important in controlling and regulating the amount of sugar in the blood as it facilitates the absorption of glucose by cells in the liver, muscles as well as fat tissue, after which it is converted and stored by the liver in form of glycogen.
Chronic insulin resistance tends to catalyze occurrence of beta-cell dysfunction. Type 1 diabetes destroys pancreatic beta cells, thus compromising generation of insulin. Insulin is a hormone that plays a significant role in metabolism of glucose. Environmental and genetic factors tend to influence the destruction of pancreatic beta cells.
(Mycek, 2007). Diabetes is usually divided into two types, insulin dependent diabetes mellitus also known as type 1 diabetes mellitus and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus also known as type 2 diabetes mellitus or Adult onset diabetes. (Boylan, 2007) Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes accounting 85-90% of all people with diabetes.
The insulin in your pancreas doesn't connect to the fat so the glucose cannot produce energy, causing hyperglycemia (high blood glucose). This cause the pancreas to produce more insulin and then the cells become more resistant causing a cycle of high glucose levels and often high insulin levels.
Type II diabetes mallitus is a familial disease in some cases where it runs in families. In such cases, it is most commonly a result of weight gain. Obesity is a major risk factor for type II diabetes mallitus in those
mmon symptoms include high glucose concentration, relatively deficient insulin, fatigue, blurred vision, itchiness, weight loss, frequent urination, feeling thirsty among others. The risk factors of this disease according to Hanas (2007) are; increased weight (obesity),
The disease normally affects insulin, whereby not enough insulin is produced to handle blood sugar level (Braham, 2011). This disease commonly affects adults but recently there has been increase in the number of children being infected with it (Goldstein, 2013).
This essay focuses on the UK, in which 1 in every 15 is obese and 1 in every 5 adults is overweight, and this is only the beginning. Over the next two decades, the number of obese adults in the UK is expected to increase to 26 million people, thus showing a staggering increase of 73%. Experts sense the risk of an increase in the cases of type 2 diabetes, cancer, and heart disease by more than a million.
But while the rest of the country seems to be having a major problem with Obesity and its associated problems (in particular heart disease), the Twin Cities have been experiencing fairly low rates of heart disease and associated deaths.
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