They are simpler than plants and are more similar to animals in the sense that they are heterotrophic being unable to make their own food. Because of their ability to grow on dead and decaying organisms, fungi have…
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The stabilization of soil carbon results in enhanced soil properties like improved aeration, aggregation and water-holding capacity which leads to better crop production and soil conservation (Six, Frey and Thiet). Furthermore, fungal species are also able to extract important minerals and elements from rocks and other geologic matter in a process known as bioweathering (Gadd, Burford and Fomina). Fungi have properties that permit them to work under a wider range of pH conditions, resist the effects of toxic metals, UV radiation, and climatic extremes (reviewed in Gadd, Burford and Fomina).
Fungi also have food uses, the most common is the use of yeast to ferment glucose and allow dough to rise and polymerize during bread-making. Other known food uses are production of cheeses and wines, as a substitute for protein foods, and as primary food products. Many are cultivated for food consumption like the common white button, Shiitake and Portobello mushrooms. These have been consumed and cultivated for hundreds of years: for example the consumption of Shiitake as food as been reported since 1313AD while the white button mushroom was first described in 1707 (Baar, Straatsma and Paradi). However, some expensive and rare edible fungi are not yet produced agronomically like truffles, matsutake, and chanterelles. Fungi colonize and penetrate food ingredients which result in the release of enzymes and metabolites that can result in food spoilage. However, the action of these filamentous colonizing fungi, also known as molds or moulds, could also result in fermentation and desirable changes in foods. Foods like tempeh, tofu, soy sauce, Roquefort cheese, blue Stilton cheese, salami, brie, and rice wine have improved flavors and texture because of the action of different types of moulds (Nouts).
A negative aspect of fungi is their ability to cause diseases known collectively as mycoses. According to the US National Center for Health Statistics,
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This process is regulated by genetic and epigenetic factors while it is modulated by environmental factors such as stress, exposure to ultraviolet radiation and environmental pollution. A gene is defined as a basic unit of heredity. These are self-replicating, DNA structures that are responsible for the presence of certain traits.
There are several reasons why a person is inflicted with this disease though a very definitive cause has not been established for all cancers and it is also known that not all forms of tumors are malignant and dangerous. When cancer really spread in the body, they may also enter through the lymphatic system or bloodstream to sites other than the major organ where these cells lie (Cairns et al 2011).
It may be possible to give a fair estimate of the race to which an individual belongs by carefully considering and analyzing his/her appearance. However, there is always subjectivity in such an assessment as many people belonging to different races often look very similar.
Cancer describes diseases whose growth of cells is beyond control. There are numerous categories of cancer with each category exuding distinct tendencies based on areas initially affected. Scientists report that more than one hundred cancer types exist in the world today.
sequence): Isoleucine+ glycine + asparagine + Aspartic acid + proline + STOP What is the significance of the first and last codons of an mRNA transcript? Explanation: The significance of the first codon is that it determines signals the beginning of a translation point, usually AUG, which signals the inclusion of methionine.
A cardiac catheterization revealed a partial blockage of four coronary arteries, and he was scheduled for bypass surgery. Discuss the consequences of decreased coronary blood flow on myocardial function; a description of
They are genetically modified through injection of various chemicals or connecting them to different species in order to create a whole new breed. This results to plants that look bigger and healthier on the
The FGF family is involved in the normal developmental and physiological processes of human biology. The research observes the FGF family evolution in the chordates and the eumetazoan family which helps in understanding the evolution of the FGF family brought
, properties, interactions with the environment, function, division, death and organelles (their locations within cells, functions, structures, compositions and adaptations) found within cells are delved into. The study of cells is done in a molecular level or is conducted suing
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