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Burnout at work can happen for different reasons and in different circumstances. It usually takes place when people are giving too much at their workplace and receiving very little in return. The little return could be the absence of appreciations, rewards, and social interactions (Schaufeli and Enzmann, 1998) Research suggest that negative appraisals at work usually lead to a stage where employees start feeling burnout and suffer from the thought that they can’t give anymore to their jobs. The negative appraisals could be from managers as well as colleagues. Employees feel left out from rest of the workplace colleagues after such appraisal and feel let down.(Kohan and Mazmanian, 2003) One of the researches in human service sector expanding 5 years and including 2,391 employees from all parts of the professions found out some interesting facts about work burn out. The research found that there can be three types of work burnout; they are related to work, customer, and personal life. Some professions had work burnout due to office related workload and stress, others profession in which interaction with customers was direct and daily basis had customer related burnout, last but not the least; personal burnout happens in all professions of human service sector. The study also found some penalties as a result of burnout which included poor physical condition, low job satisfaction and non-attendance at job. These consequences ranged from emotional to physical damage depending on the situation. (Borritz et al., 2006) It is notable that the problems at workplace are not only caused by extra workload but also by less appreciation and low sense of accomplishment. This usually leads to mental problems, in many cases people quit their jobs or take early retirement in order to get their life back. (Keel, 1993) It was made clear in a research the emotional exhaustion is one of the key reasons why people feel burnout at jobs. Organizations fail to realize that
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The aim of most sociologists is to carry out research that can be utilized to societal policy and benefit. Others principally focus on polishing the theoretic apprehension of social procedures. To enhance this there several research methods used in this field.
Precisely, the study focused on identifying the states in alcohol consumption and the behavior that different categories of drinkers would exhibit and the likely symptoms (physio-psychological) and consequences. The study identified three gradual states in alcohol consumption such as intoxication, tolerance, and dependence while behavioral categories related to alcohol consumption were use, abuse (noxious use), and dependence.
It can do this by masking, i.e., making it appear as though no relationship is present when one actually is, or it can imply there is a relationship when there is not. Therefore, a confounder will be related to both the independent and the outcome variable.
However unless this is qualified by qualitative means (post positivism), the numbers alone can often be misleading. For instance Sales or Productivity figures of a particular time period are of little value unless they are further
The author states that to test the effectiveness of the new drug on morbidly obese individuals he assumes that there is a causal relationship between dispensing the drug and its effectiveness in reducing appetite. To extend the conclusion to the whole population, this experiment must be conducted on a sufficient number of subjects.
Conversely, Qualitative researchers put efforts to evaluate the subjects and objects based on their qualities. “In quantitative research, the emphasis is on collecting data that lead to dependable answers to important
lts and make germane conclusions, researchers require using specific research methods that can be characterized with a great abundance (McNeill & Chapman 2005). It is fair to state that each research approach has its pros and cons that is why for every research problem, the
Qualitative research is a more subjective type of research whereby, a researcher introduces some bias to assist in forming a complete picture. This type of analysis is applicable in situations where a researcher is
Cruel beauty started long before women and men wore corsets in Europe to reduce their waists for aesthetic purposes. It reminded me of the Chinese small feet, where women’s feet were prevented from growth by tying them tightly from the 10th to the 19th
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