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An isocost line is a line showing combinations of inputs that would yield the same cost. Therefore, the word isocost implies that the cost of the given factors of production are constant along the certain activity level and thus can be used for the planning and decision making purposes.
In the above figure, L denotes the amount of labor utilized by the producer and K denotes the amount of capital utilized by the producer. It is evident from the figure that along the line the cost of both of the factors of production is same and the total cost of production is also shown on the graph for different cost lines. With the help of isocost lines, most economic and cost beneficial decision can be made for getting the desired output. This graph also shows that isocost lines are the straight lines and the only different in them is that they shift up or down the graph showing the same pattern for different activity levels. These isocost lines are parallel because each reflects the same relative resource price.
Given a production function, an isoquant is "the locus of input combinations that yield the same output level." (Chiang, p. 360) There is an isoquant set for each possible output level. Mathematically the isoquant is a level curve of the production function.
Isoquants is a concept relating to the quantity of input required to produce a certain level of output. For a given level of output, there are certain levels of input of production factors that yield the same level of output. If the ratio of two or more of the factors of production is changed then the resulting yield of those input factors can be same for all of the combinations of factors. This implies that the concept of isoquant deals primarily with the cost minimization problems of producers.
The above figure shows different levels of labor and capital required to produce a certain output of a particular product and the curve shows that different combinations of input resources can be made to
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For instance, Adam Smith’s theory of the invisible hand argues that when people engage in business and selling they are governed by the invisible hand of the market that helps regulate prices and ensures that businesses and people act in certain ways. Indeed, the nature of economics is like psychology in that it presents theories of human behavior.
As such, economic analysis relates to the study of economic systems in an industry to ascertain the effectiveness of the operations of a given industry with reference to its profitability1. With this, we are able to establish the optimum use of the limited resources to achieve a given economic objective.
Thus, short-run is the time period that quantity of an input or at least one of the many inputs is fixed while other inputs’ quantities can vary. Long-run on the other hand is that time period where inputs in entirety can be varied. Therefore, there is no specific time that can be taken as fixed or even marked on the dates of the calendar to distinguish short-run from the long-run.
If the quantity demanded of a certain product changes minimally or does not change at all, then that product is said to be a Price Inelastic Good. Consequently, if a product whose price increased and such a change brought forth an abrupt drop in quantity demanded of the same product, the good is said to be Price Elastic.
e that the people of a country would receive the best of every thing that could be education, housing, health services or the other various basic necessities.
Economics has been called and is known as a Social Science one that actually focuses on the subject matter that is
sought to apply a broader theoretical and conceptual tradition of economic thought by placing emphasis on neo-classical synthesis – a combination of neo-classical economics and Keynesian economics.
Conservative economics is based on Milton Friedman’s teachings and
s the above figure illustrates, if there is a supply shock in an economy (such as increase in the price of oil, labor or other costs that increase the cost of doing business), the short run AS curve shifts to the left. The real GDP decreases from Q to Q’ and the price level
These tools enable professional mainstream economists to address various economic issues facing the world. Mainstream economics is about modeling in a way that traditional or heterodox economics is not. It originated from the neoclassical synthesis of the neoclassical
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