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These are examples of cultural relativism and these examples also would say that one culture cannot be better than another culture because of what they practice and believe. Ethical relativism on the other hand would say that due to the fact that there are several varying ethical norms one’s belief cannot be more good than another. Ethical norms are normally based on one’s culture such that one cannot separate ethics and culture.
Two versions of utilitarianism – act and rule – would both consider the consequences of one’s action to determine which is the right action to do based on which will generate the most pleasure. Unfortunately, we can never foretell or conclude with utmost certainty that the end of the action we decide to do will in reality produce the greatest good or the greatest happiness. Good and happiness, after all are constructs of society and thus changes from one period to another or one person to another. At the same time, the view of what we think may produce the greater happiness may be viewed differently. For example, in the industrial age, it was made to believe that burning coal produces the necessary energy to fuel machineries that aid production of textile and the like. It was believed to be producing the greatest happiness for the greater number because it gave jobs to people and it gave them better level of existence with electricity and other implements in the household. However, at this time, the consequences of coal burning is being felt worldwide due to the greenhouse gases emitted by the coal burning. This is not making the people happy rather they are suffering and feeling the negative consequences. This is a true proof that even when we believe that the consequence of the action would result to our own happiness as well as the rest of the population, we are still not guaranteed about it. It would be best if we were to know everything and foresee every thing that our
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We form an idea about how the observed behavior should be performed (modeling), and this guides our efforts at performance in the future (imitation). Effective modeling requires us to pay attention, to retain what we observed, to reproduce what we saw, and to be motivated to perform what we remember.
The basis for this approach in policing was found in 1776, when the values promoted in the Declaration of Independence defined a new mode of relationship between people and their government. All men are equal and they have their rights. In order to protect those rights, the Governments enabled people to become self-protectors.
Midterm Exam 1. How has the oil wealth affected the prospects of democratization in the Arab Gulf? The presence of wealth in the Arab Gulf has affected the gulf politically, economically and politically. Additionally it has affected the state of democracy in its members due to political matters that have come up due to presence of wealth.
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Ethics in interpersonal communication gives an individual the freedom to make their own choices based on the available information. Guidelines for interpersonal communication are for individuals to listen carefully, ensure honesty and
However, since around 1960, memberships to trade unions have been on the decline (Warner, 2012). Many observers have advanced reasons to explain this downward trend. One reason is,America is shifting (or has already shifted) from an
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The Intelligence Principle is embedded on the key principle of democratic government. The legislature is restricted from transferring the powers of lawmaking to other units (Rosenbloom, 2014). The legislative
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