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This specific crime prevention strategy consists of dissuading potential criminal offenders, with regard to specific targets. The basis of this strategy is that denial of access to a target prevents crime. Examples of this tactic are security guards and home security systems. A would be offender, on encountering these systems, would hopefully perceive that the risk of apprehension would far outweigh any potential benefit. However, this strategy could result in a displacement of crime (Siegel & Welsh 79).
These measures endeavor to familiarize delinquents with the dire consequences that await criminal behavior. The rational criminal will be significantly deterred by the fear of punishment, and the realization that criminal activity could prove to be a costly affair. These strategies entail, aggressive policing, and compulsory sentencing. The difficulties envisaged by this group of strategies are that the offender may not fear punishment and the fact that the risk of being apprehended and punished is not very great (Siegel & Welsh 79).
This strategy involves the adoption of draconian measures. For instance, an offender will be punished with great severity; and this will be of such harshness that these criminals would not recidivate. This entails incarceration in detention centers or maximum security prisons. This strategy was on occasion, seen to increase rather than decrease future delinquency (Siegel & Welsh 79).
Another strategy to reduce crime, especially among the criminals who invariably recidivate, is to ensure that they do not obtain an opportunity to engage in crime. It can be achieved by imposing prison sentences that run for very long periods; and by incarcerating a much larger number of criminals. The difficulty involved with this strategy is that even non – dangerous offenders will be imprisoned for very long periods;
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A. The statistics at the FBI show that in 2009 there were 6,604 incidents of hate crime, with 8,336 victims and 6,225 known offenders of the crimes (About hate crime statistics, 2009, 2009). B. The FBI refers to hate crimes as crimes of bias, meaning that it is done because the offender holds bias against the victim in relationship to prejudices that they hold (About hate crime statistics, 2009, 2009).
Even the basic healthcare facilities offered to the inmates are tailored to suit the male prisoners thus totally disregarding the minority female prisoner population. It can thus be safely concluded that prisons for female inmates are often invariably a poor adaptation of the male prisons (Bosworth, 2002; Zaitzow and Thomas, 2003).
In other words, both hereditary and environmental factors are equally prevalent for the chronic criminal activities of a person.
Most of the chronic offenders commit more than one type of crime and they engage in
In addition, the frontier lands were devoid of well-constituted police forces with a lot of vigilantism being recorded. Many large cities only had a handful of organized police forces. However, things drastically changed during
The suspect was subsequently charged informally as follows: a) he was denied a lawyer; b) witnesses did not take oath; c) the proceedings were not documented, and; d) sMrs Cook, the complainant, was also absent did not attend key sessions
However, such approval and acceptance may involve labels that are based on something that elicits repeated criminal behavior due to influence of one’s attitude (Akers, 2009).
This is the case of Getrude, my childhood friend who was very shy and reserved. However, one
They stay united, helping each other on welfare matters. Security, food, and living conditions are the main concerns of these subgroups. Not all groups are the same; they vary according to rules and way of