Since centuries, criminal justice systems are playing a vital and crucial role in maintaining a just society; however, it is an observation that court procedures in the system have resulted in a number of issues that need urgent discussion and analysis. In specific, disparity…
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contrast the two-abovementioned terms in the context of criminal justice system and its associated processes involving law enforcement, correction populations, etc.
Analysis of the material (Greene, 2009) related to criminal justice system has indicated that disparity is often an outcome of discriminatory practices, and on the other hand, individuals often take discrimination as an outcome of disparity. In particular, disparity is the outcome of two specific factors: legal and extralegal. In the criminal justice system, the former factor plays the role of creating a lawful fundamental foundation regarding a person’s criminal actions in front of the court. For instance, legal factor is the major component that confirms the detailed decision of a criminal based on his actions and criminal records. In the criminal justice system, law enforcement is an imperative body and it benefits from the legal factor as well. For instance, law enforcement personnel often take individuals under custody at the time of a crime based on their criminal records that indicates the presence of major component of disparity (Hess, 2008).
On the other hand, the other factor of disparity involves sociological components, such as gender, daily life, social status that do not relate to legal factor; however, plays important role in the criminal justice system (Greene, 2009). For instance, besides considering the legal factor, the courts often consider the extralegal factor of disparity to decide the amount of period of a punishment that results in its relation with discrimination due to its non-legal existence.
In the result, a number of human rights organizations and experts have indicated disparities in the criminal justice systems and specifically, ethnic disparities that then points out the presence of discrimination in the system that is not the actual case. In addition, adversaries argue that presence of injustice is evident in the system that is due to the inclusion of extralegal
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“Disparity and Discrimination Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1561397-disparity-and-discrimination-essay.
The three main components of a criminal justice system include police, lawyers, and judges. Criminal justice system plays a significant role in reducing the occurrence of crimes and establishing peace in a country. Let us now discuss the concepts of disparity and discrimination in order to find out their relationship with the criminal justice system.
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It will be shown that disparity can be found in law enforcement practices, court procedures and in the Corrections populations in the USA. Then it will be proposed that discrimination can equally be found in these areas within the American Criminal Justice System.
According to the research findings, discrimination is a problem for the criminal justice system because it injects the sense of class and race inequality in the minds of the citizens. Discrimination shatters the foundations of the criminal justice system of a country. The disparity, on the other hand, does not harm the criminal justice system. The reason is that disparity is based on the group differences.
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