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John the Baptist was beheaded by local authorities causing many of his followers to look to Jesus for leadership.
Initially, Jesus’ message was fundamentalist Judaism. He promoted basic ethics such as loving one’s neighbor and returning hatred with kindness. He had an apparent ability to heal the sick. Many of Jesus’ followers believed that he was a messiah, sent by their God, to drive out the Romans and establish a new Jewish state. At some point, Jesus too believed he was the messiah. The authorities, concerned with his popularity, had him arrested, condemned to death and crucified.
After Jesus’ death, the less messianic, more religious aspects of his teachings were emphasized, primarily through the gospels of four of his disciples, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. The disciple Paul was responsible for separating Christianity from its Jewish roots. He introduced the idea that Jesus was the son of God and that faith in God was the only way to be saved from sin.
The early Christians were split into two hostile groups for nearly a century. One group followed Peter and the other group followed Paul. Peter’s followers were predominantly Jewish, following many Jewish traditions, as Jesus had done. Paul’s followers were more accepting of non-Jewish converts and waived Jewish law for those not born into the religion. Both Peter and Paul were executed in Rome in approximately 64 AD.
Christianity had certain strengths and strong psychological, as opposed to philosophical, messages of protection hope and forgiveness. Christianity’s greatest strength was its egalitarianism – it was first and foremost a religion of the poor.
By the third century the Roman Empire was being attacked from every direction. In 395 it officially split into two halves, the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern Roman Empire. In 410 the Visigoths destroyed Rome and the Western Roman Empire. In the late 600’s Arabs conquered Egypt and Syria which were
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It is implied that all believers are equal in the eyes of God and nothing but good deeds are potential of elevating one person above another (Quran 4:124, cited in Al-Adl, 2007). The message of equality also stresses the Muslims to think of Non-Muslims as their equals and not unnecessarily participate in activities potential of messing things up as God despises those who wreak havoc on the Earth for their personal satisfaction.
Moreover, it has unique belief patterns and worship to an exclusive deity that is evident among all the other worldly religions. Introduction The word Islam connotes the willful and total submission to the worship of the god ‘Allah’ (Tamara, 2010). Moreover, the word ‘Islam’ represents peace as it is a natural effect that comes by when one submits to the doctrines of Allah.
Islam is a monotheistic religion that is articulated by the Holy Quran. Islam is based on the concept of submission to Allah and accepting his supremacy over all and believing in the Holy Prophet and the Holy Quran. One becomes a Muslim by reciting the Shahadah declaring his submission to Allah and accepting that Muhammad is the prophet.
Apart from this, these religions have doctrines, which their followers are taught. These also have messengers, who are believed to play the role of spreading the religion and its doctrine. However, a major difference between Islam and Christianity is that these have varying perception of God, and their doctrines are different.
This is the reason both religions are Abrahamic religions. Both religions share more than Abraham as their forefather. The belief in prophets, one monotheistic God, and Kosher food are just a few of the similarities. Despite these
Gardet; J. Jomier). The Muslims believe that the holy book of Islam is the Koran, who is the final prophet of Allah (Esposito, 1996 & Ghamidi, 2001).
The religion, Islam makes it obligatory for the believers to follow the major practices and most importantly to observe
The holy book of all Muslims is a guide according to which the supporters of Islam build their lives, work and daily communication with people. In spite of great religious value of religion for the region, death of Muhammad in
After, we will move to the future of Islam. Examine if further development of the religion is possible.
The history of Islam is very extensive and we will have to travel through a period of more then 12 centuries to discover the
At first glance, this is a dark age in Europe’s history, full of violence, martyrdom, enslavement and continuous crusades and “holy wars” initiated by both Muslims and Christians. An age of chivalry and all
In the Middle ages Islam had conquered and taken control over a large part of African states, the Middle East and some European states a factor that caused aggressive behavior and conflict between the European and Islamic parts of the divide. The conflicts resulted
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