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This time, though, the rising urban class of shopkeepers and artisans, known as the bourgeoisie, continued the struggle, focusing it against the noble landowning class that had traditionally been the support of the monarchy. With the bourgeoisie success, the noble class was pulled down, the king along with it as its figurehead, and replaced by the First Republic. In many ways, the search for the reasons and participants can be found in the theories brought forward by Karl Marx, such as in the popular protest movements of the day which provide a more accurate view of both how the monarchy lost its favor and who was most in control of the political and social changes that were happening in those years.
French society at the time of the Revolution was very similar to most of the other countries of Europe of the period in that it had an absolute monarchy that followed much the same pattern of rule that had been established by Louis XIV in the early 1700s. As a part of this system, there was an aristocratic class that held most of the status and wealth of the nation in a feudal-type system and a merchant class called the bourgeoisie that, at times, held enough wealth to rival the nobles, but had none of the political clout. There was “a vast peasantry accounting for one in seven or one in eight of the population, most of who were legally free but bound to their seigneur … by a myriad of services and obligations surviving from the medieval past. … And, in cities, … a great urban population of innumerable crafts and occupations, for the most part poor and depending for survival on cheap and plentiful bread” (Rude 1995). What made France different from these other countries that shared so many attributes was the fact that the French bureaucracy had been allowed to gain enough wealth to make them independent of the crown that had given them such
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In Jadwabne, Poland, the Jews were tortured, beaten, persecuted in the hand of the Poles. The Polish population carried out the German’s order to destroy the Jew with great brutality. It is recorded that they humiliated the Jews that lived in Jadwabne before they burnt them in a barn.
It is doubtful that globalization will stop its expansion throughout the world; yet the question of whether it is a good thing cannot be answered easily. In an ideal form, globalization may seem like an unparalleled utopia. A global village where different people are connected and united to resolve the world's problems.
For example, if someone was to look at art from the old times one would notice that individuals involved in painting were not dressed as we dress nowadays, as well as the language used (Holmes 56-58).
The society molds Art as well as how individuals are willing to make the
The body of the figure is rugged and looks unfinished as the curves on the figure are sharply indented. The figure does not have the arms on the body part. It remains like a moving statue with no arms. The
f households of New York held as slaves.1 On the other hand, in the society of southern colonies Slavery became dominant and its economy during the start of the 18th century. In the 1690, when the slave trade monopoly of the Dutch ended, British merchants started bringing slaves
He has authored speeches, autobiographies and at one timed edited a newspaper that advocated for the rights of the slaves. His stand on slavery is understandable because himself was born in bondage, he endured the harsh slave conditions and until he escaped from
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