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Plato explores his ideas regarding poetry in The Republic, particularly within Book X. As can be seen in his discussion regarding the nature of imitation, Plato considers poetry to be a representation of nature, or the divine, in his analogy of the carpenter. As he describes the making of a bed, Plato enumerates the three different types of beds that could be made: “Beds, then, are of three kinds, and there are three artists who superintend them: God, the maker of the bed, and the painter” (Ch. 10). The first of these, that made by God, is the original and the perfect form. The second is a copy of that form, brought into the material world by the activity of the carpenter and usable as such by those whom the carpenter might choose to provide access. The third, however, that created by the artist or poet, is described by Plato as being a mere shade of the object, perhaps only able to capture a very small aspect of the bed’s true elements. Thus, in imitation, the poet is able to convey some truth about the nature of the bed and is therefore able to represent nature in some form, but he is never able to convey the whole truth about it.
However, Plato also seems to recognize the potential danger of poetry to convey ‘wrong’ ideas as he introduces the concept of censorship by dictating “Whether in epics, lyrics or tragedies, whether in meter or not, god must be described accurately, and that turns out to be as unchanging; as good and the cause of only good; as incapable of violence; and as ‘altogether simple and true in deed and speech,’ for god ‘doesnt himself change or deceive others by illusions, speeches, or the sending of signs either in waking or dreaming’” (Griswold, 2003). He also recognizes the psychology of literature and its ability to affect all men, often attributing greatest honor to the poet who is most capable of
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Plato emphasizes the need to value and uphold the rule of law. It is also significant to note that Plato tries to explicate the primary belief of political and societal justice and the importance of individual justice in a society. Plato made it clear that he disliked democratic system of government of Greece.
The central ideology of Plato's philosophical interpretation was primarily based on his use of dialectics, a mode of arguments concerning the profound reflections of nature of reality as well as using cognitive optimism, a principle believing in the ability of the human mind in order to accomplish truth and to use this truth for fulfilling the objective predominantly based on rational choice to act on human affairs set with virtuous ordering.
Describing an the ideal city, Plato underlines that people are all born with physical and intellectual equipment that makes them suited to perform some tasks better than others. The model of the ideal city involves ideas of justice and nature, human relations and labor relations.
as well as any and all key issues which are related to this subject of issue. The aim of this paper is to discuss all of this, in order to pose a more intellectual and critical understanding and viewpoint on this issue. This is what will be dissertated in the following.
There is no dissembling in this particular piece and Plato takes a firm stand and backs it with powerful arguments and sheer rhetorical bombast.
Socrates is the principle speaker in The Republic and having established (in theory) his ideal state, he rounds on the 'imitators', seeking to banish them from the state.
With his book Plato also explains how to draw an analogy of the operation that a society is as a whole society and the life of an individual in that very same society. Book IV Plato explains through Socrates the guardians the ruling class as we know them. From that perspective and this angle this essay is going to discuss this theory
among these other noble characteristics, it is no surprise how much importance Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, and others ascribed to justice in the formation of a complete system of morality and an Ideal State. Plato, in fact, identifies justice not simply as something related to
e political state, suggesting repeatedly that the rule of ones own self by each individual is a procedure quite similar to the rule of the state by political leaders The ideal city portrayed by Plato represents a complex account of the relation between nature and nurture, the
e was unable to give a clear definition of what justice is, yet he criticized all the suggestions given by other scholars, The Republic goes beyond this deadlock because Plato was capable of explaining the meaning of justice.
In the first draft, Socrates argues that justice can
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