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Affirmative action refers to concrete steps and policies that are developed and implemented not only to eliminate discrimination and prejudice in employment against minorities, but also to attempt to rectify the effects of discrimination that took place in history. Minorities might include any underrepresented group, especially represented by race, ethnicity, or gender. One of the main purposes of implementing affirmative action policies are to address the Constitutional equal opportunity law, which states that all the people have the inborn right to equal access and opportunity to self promotion and self development. This meant that all persons had the right to work for their talents and capabilities rather than being subjected to injustice on the basis of color, cast or gender.
There are many reasons why organizations in this globalizing and ever developing world should implement Affirmative action policies. Taking firm steps against racism is the responsibility of everyone in our society; therefore it is a challenge also for the institutions and organizations that make a huge difference to our lives. Elements such as racism and discrimination act as barriers for people with great intellect. Racism is not something that corrects itself with time it is something that is responsible for itself. The disadvantages to people of color and different gender and the benefits to white people especially male are passed on to each succeeding generation unless counteractive decisions are taken. These disadvantages join together into organizational practices which, although might look neutral and unbiased, unfavorably affect these people. It has become extremely necessary to take positive steps to remove and recompense for these inconsiderate policies, even when there is no noticeable discriminatory meaning. If we do not teach our workforce to accept people for whom they are and what they can do, we can lose on major creative knowledge. A
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Affirmative action has been developed in order to ensure equal status on the basis of race, creed, color and national origin (Cohen, and Sterba 12). According to Beckwith and Jones (11) “Affirmative action policies take a large variety of forms, ranging from making recruiting efforts in ethnic communities to mandating a specific number of positions be set aside for minorities.” Mangum defines affirmative action as a multipurpose term.
Affirmative Action The principle of affirmative action Affirmative action (hereforth referred to as “AA”) is defined as “a set of practices undertaken by employers, university admission offices, and government agencies to go beyond nondiscrimination, with the goal of actively improving the economic status of minorities and women with regard to employment, education and business ownership and growth” (Holzer & Neumark, 469).
Affirmative action is a policy in the United States which emphasizes upon the need for provision of equal opportunities of employment which the law requires the federal subcontractors and contractors to adopt. The affirmative action is implemented with an intention to eradicate discrimination on the basis of such factors as origin, race, ethnicity, sex and color against the candidates applying for a position.
According to the research conducted by Sharma (2005) and Acton (2000), affirmative action can simply be referred to as the advocating of equality in society. Affirmative action can also looked at as positive movements aimed at increasing the representing number of women and minorities in areas of education, business and employment which they have been excluded for a long time (Sowell, 2004; Garrett, 2004).
Affirmative Action. Affirmative action is still needed in 2012. There are discrepancies between the white males versus women and nonwhite males in terms of equal rights to education and higher paying jobs. The research delves into the hiring of minorities and accepting minorities in school programs.
increase the representation of women and minorities in areas of employment, education, and business from which they have been historically excluded” (Fullinwinder, 2005). In part, the reason for this is multi-faceted. First, it informs caucasians that racism still exists,
in which people are marginalized bringing together the people for equal opportunities, where it started with attempting to eliminate discrimination and integrating people into a society that saw them as outcasts and denied them opportunities that were availed to them