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Some of the more well-known theorists in this field are Sigmund Freud, Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. Each of these men approached the question of personality from a completely unique angle, presenting models that attempted to explain the complex mechanisms that go into the development of personality, however, Maslow’s theory of self-actualization seems to take a predominant lead in explaining personality development.
Maslow proposed personality was developed along a hierarchy of needs beginning with the most basic needs of food, clothing and shelter. As these needs were being met, the individual could move on to obtaining the second level needs. These levels progressed through physiological, safety, belongingness/love, esteem and self-actualization. Self-actualization was the highest level need and represented that point in a person’s personality development when they have met all lower needs and are now free to pursue their true potential. “A person who is satisfied at the previous four levels will feel bored unless she or he is engaged in self-actualization striving” (Jazwinski, 1998). Within this theory, he goes on to enumerate 16 different major characteristics of a self-actualized person, 15 of which I can identify with. However, it is true that Maslow’s theory remains a little shallow with respect to how individual differences are formed with the only contributing factor being how well or poorly our needs have been realized (Pettifor, 1996).
Freud’s theory centers around the concepts of the id, the ego and the superego. According to this theory, the id is the unconscious mind that responds only to urges and gratification. As we mature, we begin to act upon those impulses and develop a conscious mind, the ego. However, the ego recognizes that some of the actions desired by the id are not appropriate within a given society, so it begins
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According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that Gestalt psychology was also a part of Rogers' influence and it was already changing the way that humans were being seen. Gestalt psychology was a movement away from the behaviorists who wanted to believe that man's behavior was based on instinct rather than on his rational thinking.
These Theories of Personality help in understanding the way an individual’s personality affects their behavior; and the factors that contribute to the development and maintenance of different aspects of personality. Thus, these theories help one to understand the behavior of oneself as well as others (Carver & Scheier, 2000).
This essay discusses that the psychoanalytic conceptualization received a different dimension with Maslow’s theory of needs that emphasizes the process of gradual shaping of one’s personality according to the level of satisfaction achieved, unlike behaviorist and psychoanalytic conceptualizations made by others prior to Maslow.
Personality psychologists have for several years engaged in intensive debate and discussion on which is the most suitable approach to examine the human personality. Consequently, a variety of theories has been postulated each trying to describe, using different techniques, the cause effects of human personality.
rrent investigation examines some of the main theoretical concepts of Jung, such as personality theory, actualization, individuation, projection, and, perhaps his most famous contribution, archetypes. The report also looks at similarities and differences between Jungian,
Spartacus is brought to House of Batiatus, a training camp for gladiators. At this training camp Spartacus quickly demonstrates that he is an adept gladiator and rises through the ranks. Spartacus begins to gain great fame and increased freedoms;
From his research, he concluded that the daily interactions and relationships of an individual with people highly influence and shape their personality traits. Harry Sullivan mainly concentrated on the conception that was involved in the
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