Nobody downloaded yet

Intellectual Disabilities and its categories - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Schizophrenia, a group of related disorders that takes no time to turn into disability, however if given proper concern in this stage, it is lesser probability that it would turn into a disability. These disorders are followed by hallucinations and delusions along with the positive and negative symptoms that lead to schizophrenia…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.2% of users find it useful
Intellectual Disabilities and its categories
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Intellectual Disabilities and its categories"

Download file to see previous pages The outcome is severe personality disorder followed by lack of communicational skills. Such patients possess attitude problem like speech disorder, mental disorder and are often tended towards what we call as 'roller coaster of thoughts'.
However, the dilemma remains that this lifelong disease is responsible for conducting many suicidal behaviors, mood instabilities and frustration causing serious crime and is still not given that much attention as it supposed to be given.
Siever et al describes Schizotypal disability as a disorder, which shares common phenomenological, genetic, biologic, outcome, and treatment response characteristics with more severely ill chronic schizophrenic patients. (Siever & Davis) However, at the same time, they are freer from the multiple artifacts that potentially confound research in schizophrenia including the effects of long-term and usually ongoing medication treatment, multiple hospitalizations or institutionalization, and prolonged functional impairment secondary to chronic psychosis and social deterioration. (Siever & Davis)
Genetic Factors: Studies have shown that that if one person has schizophrenia, the chance for another person also sharing the disorder depends on the degree of genetic relatedness between them. For example if one twin has schizophrenia, the chance that the co-twin will also have schizophrenia is around 18% if they are non identical twins but 48% if they are identical twins as identical twins share 100% of their genes. (Rapee, 2001:22)

Neurotransmitters/ Disconnection Syndrome: The biological models of schizophrenia emphasize neurochemical dysregulation or anatomical changes in the brain. The most widely disseminated and thoroughly developed biological theories include the neurotransmitter model. (Beebe, 2003) The cause of Schizophrenia is followed by one of the most widely accepted theory named "Dopamine Theory". This hypothesis states that schizophrenia can be understood in cognitive terms, as a failure of functional integration within the brain. Functional integration refers to the interactions of functionally specialised systems (i.e., populations of neurons, cortical areas and sub-areas) that are required for adaptive sensorimotor integration, perceptual synthesis and cognition. (Friston, 2002)
According to this theory, most of the symptoms of schizophrenia are the result of having excessive levels of dopamine, especially in the mesolimbic pathways of the brain. (Carson & Sanislow, 1993) Several sources support this theory. First many of the drugs that are used to treat schizophrenia seem to work primarily by blocking certain dopamine receptors in the brain. Second certain drugs that have been found to increase levels of dopamine in the brain also produce symptoms that are very similar to those found in schizophrenia. An appropriate example is the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Intellectual Disabilities and its categories Essay”, n.d.)
Intellectual Disabilities and its categories Essay. Retrieved from
(Intellectual Disabilities and Its Categories Essay)
Intellectual Disabilities and Its Categories Essay.
“Intellectual Disabilities and Its Categories Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Intellectual Disabilities and its categories

Intellectual Disabilities

...this condition (Woodcock & Vialle, 2010). This paper will discuss the definition of intellectual, its characteristics and its impacts on intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior. Moreover, strategies to assist students in this disability category will be described. Defining Intellectual Disability World Health Organization describes intellectual disability as the significant reduction of the ability to comprehend new information and in learning and applying new skills. The American Association of Intellectual and Development...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Cultural Status of People with Intellectual Disabilities

...Contrasting and Comparing the Cultural Status of People with Intellectual Disabilities in Three Countries The problem of having an intellectually disabled child is not just the main concern of many parents but also of the society. These children when they grow up can either be a burden or an asset to their country. But just like any other human being who has the right to live, these people who has a learning disability also deserve to have a normal life. In order to fully understand the situation being problematized by the intellectually disabled people, first we have to define what is learning disability. The United States Federal Government defines this in Public Law 94-142, as amended by Public Law 101-476 (Individuals... . (Osman,...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay


...According to The Department of Justice, "Disabilities "are defined as physical and mental limitations that come along with different health problems and diseases. There are many barriers which a differently abled person is faced with everyday of his/her life. Some are physical barriers, which include lack of access to places, transport and support services and medical care. Then there are financial barriers like lower wage jobs and no health insurance. To make things tougher most people with disabilities do not have adequate and appropriate information on health and support services that might be beneficial to them. To call a person "disabled" sounds derogatory and reflects on our pride and lack of humility. It simply means we... are...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Intellectual Disabilities and Complex Needs

...People With Intellectual Disabilities and Complex Needs: A Critical Analyzing People With Intellectual Disabilities and Complex Needs: A Critical Analyzing In regards to the subject of the concept of health in relation to children, young people and adults with intellectual disabilities and complex needs, there is a great deal that must be dealt with and taken seriously into consideration. This issue as a whole is one of such great premise and detail, and in all its complexity it thus must be understood by thoroughly looking at and examining all of the necessary aspects, and there are many. Despite a growing body of research into this matter overall, there are still many basic questions that remain and which surround... it, and these...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Intellectual Disabilities

...of intellectual disabilities. According to him, “epidemiological research undertaken in the world’s richer countries has consistently reported an association between poverty and the prevalence of less severe intellectual disability” (p.108). Further he reports that similar studies undertaken in the poorer nations for example, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh, have also reported such links between poverty and prevalence of intellectual disabilities. Emerson presents data to show that in Australia families that were socio-economically disadvantaged there was more than five times the risk of mild and moderate intellectual...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Categories of Computer Crime

...Running Head: COMPUTER CRIMES Categories of Computer Crimes School Computer Crimes Modern information technology, such as the internet has initiated new forms of crimes and made perpetration of old felonies effortless. Computer crimes may involve identity theft, cyberstalking, scams and frauds, hacking, creation of malicious codes, child pornography, and violation of copyrights. Criminals use computers to facilitate the embezzlement of money and properties; theft of confidential records; and alteration and destruction of valuable files. The misuse of the computer may involve the falsification of computer signatures through unauthorized codes; the creation of false bank accounts; theft of personal information and misuse of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Contrasting learning and intellectual disabilities

...Contrasting Learning and Intellectual Disabilities Contrasting Learning and Intellectual Disabilities The characteristics of learning disabilities are can be grouped into reading skills, spelling skills, written expression skills, oral language skills, mathematical skills, memory skills and reasoning skills (Hallahan, 2011). People go through poor decoding skills, slow reading rate, poor reading fluency, and recurrent spelling errors of high occurring words among others. The characteristics of intellectual disability, on the other hand, are all behavioral (Hallahan, 2011). It is characterized by delays in oral language...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Students with Intellectual Disabilities

...Transition Services for Students with Intellectual Disabilities Areas upon Which the IEP Team Should Focus The IEP team should focus on academic preparation, cognitive performance, and social skills performance when the transition begins. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA 04) recommends age sixteen, but it often varies across states. Firstly, they should consider academic preparation and performance. Students with intellectual disabilities often lag behind in class activities and development of academic skills. Delays are evident in language skills, math, and reading comprehension (Friend, 2014, Pg. 240). Such challenges in math and...
11 Pages(2500 words)Coursework

Learning Disabilities and its Causes

...Disabilities LEARNING DISABILITIES Prevalence Learning disability has experienced declines in numbers although it was the fastest growing category of special education in earlier years. Even though, it is still the category with the most number of students. Male students comprise two thirds, and there are high numbers of Black and Hispanic as compared to White and Asian students. Causes The presence of diverse learning disabilities makes categorization of the causes considerably difficult. Even so, it is mainly attributed to the brain, and not environmental factors. Some risk factors are severe head injuries, central nervous system infections, chronic medical illnesses, hereditary, and poor nutrition. If a child is diagnosed... ...
24 Pages(6000 words)Essay


... Module Categories of Disabilities Disability Attributes Autism Definition According to IDEA, autism is a developmental handicap that significantly impacts verbal and nonverbal communication as well as social interaction, usually before the age of three, which negatively impacts the educational ability of a child (Harris and Riddell 26). Characteristics Indulging in monotonous activity Inability to adapt or resistance to alterations in daily routines or environmental changes. Abnormal reactions to sensory encounters. Causes Primary autism spectrum disorder (ASD) – no contributing issues can be identified to justify its development. Secondary autism spectrum disorder (ASD) – underlying health conditions or environmental issues... ....
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Intellectual Disabilities and its categories for FREE!

Contact Us