Summary to book report/review on topic "Aldous Huxley's Brave New World"
In the novel, Brave New World, published for the first time in 1932, Aldous Huxley shows the adverse effects that excessive dependence of science might have on human life. Through abuse of biology, physiology and psychology, the state imposes total control over the people…
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Eugenics was proposed as a means to selective breeding and genetic engineering in order to make human beings fit to survive in the world of the fittest, or in what is known as social Darwinism. The definition of eugenics is itself a much controversial subject. While some scholars think altering the gene pool is what is eugenics, Let us write or edit the essay on your topic "Aldous Huxley's Brave New World" with a personal 20% discount.. Try it now some argue even attempting to alter some behavioral traits is also eugenics. While eugenics has got a bad name because of its association with the Nazis, who wanted to rid the world of anti-semitists through eugenics (Kelves, 1985, Proctor, 1988), modern day genetic and psychological intervention attempts to improve the quality of life (Kaye, 1997).
In the 1930s, the advances of genetic science induced many thinkers to be wary of the science trying to shape the nature of life. At the same time, the market system that mechanized the society was also coming into existence. Huxley's depiction of the "new world" follows the genre of literature that was repulsed by both. Although Huxley does not use the expression genetic engineering or eugenics in Brave New World, he describes the production of humans outside the mothers' womb in a manner that would match society's needs. Through biological conditioning, comprises addition of chemicals or rolling the bottles for making the embryos adjust to the levels of force, brains, and skills, the state creates a society that it wants. After the humans are "decanted" from the bottles - that is, after they were born - humans underwent the second stage of conditioning, that is, mentally conditioned, by hypnopaedia or sleep-teaching through which the society is continuously being programmed.
Brave New World describes a smooth form of tyranny through genetic engineering and psychological conditioning that creates a caste system, composed of a smart administrative class and a group of senseless serfs trained to love their tedious work, through control of the birth process and use of soma, a drug granting immediate ecstasy with no side effects. In effect, Huxley portrays a world in which a eugenically conserved class system maintains an inert society that grades its members from Alpha to Epsilon, and under-nourishes the embryo in the machines to make certain that Epsilons, for example, are underdeveloped and moronic, suitable for the tedious tasks that they are made to do. Through tapes played in dormitories at night, the state makes sure that people are glad with their rank, the ecstatic drug soma driving out the repulsive feeling.
In Brave New World Revisited, Huxley takes up the issue of science once again but in a more pragmatic manner. He depicts genetic intervention not as a stereotype of a racist eugenicist but as a prophet who would like to apply the theory for the advancement in an all-inclusive manner. He now feels that advancement of medical science, like for example anti-malaria medicines, does not benefit humanity at the end if it is counteracted by a problem of overpopulation and genetic bias. An increase in life expectancy is met with the challenge of having more people "cursed" by some genetic shortcomings. Despite the invention new therapeutic drugs and better treatment, the physical health of the general population may not progress, and may even get worse.
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Considering Huxley’s predictions of the world in the future, the readers cannot help but wonder to what extent the writer has managed to get them right, how much the future thought up by an imaginative mind matches that of the reality.
The book reminded me a little bit of Orwell's ideas of social order gone crazy in his book Animal Farm. In Animal Farm Orwell has an animal exclaim that all animals are equal but some are more equal than others (Orwell 88). This line is used a lot and the top leaders of the government expect everyone to follow it.
1984 is George Orwell's foreshadowing, 36 years set into the future. Brave New World, on the one-hand, is set in the year 632 AF (After Ford), a fictional date that is set after countless wars and insurgencies. We could assume that the After- Ford period is the aftermath of the Ford Capitalist regime in the United States or simply a hypothetical era where a certain "Ford" allows time continuum to be dedicated to him.
Even human beings are produced en masse and conditioned - in neo-Pavlovian style - to emotionless social norms in the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Center. Among the two main characters, Bernard Marx is the nervous, perplexed and critical Alpha-Plus but John "The Savage", the outsider whose moral disdain, revulsion and fright for the "New World" society leads him to commit suicide.
Karl implores the readers about not just Abraham's acceptance, but also his trust in the Lord. The initial part of the sermon guides the reader from the world in which he is in presently, towards the world of the sermon. In the next paragraph, Karl calls the readers to be with Moses, who is living for forty years in a harsh environment, in which he is asked by the Lord to go to his native country and free his people of Egypt from the cruel government that is lead by the Pharaoh.
The residents of the state can love just Big Brother, but in reality the love they feel is more accurately described as the hate of everything that is not Big Brother.
The reflection of this element of the novel is aptly analogous to what has taken place in America since the attacks of 9/11 and the Bush administration's clumsy politicizing of those events.
Even human beings are mass produced and are conditioned - in neo-Pavlovian style -in the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Center to form emotionless social norms. Among the two main characters, Bernard Marx is the nervous, cowardly, perplexed and critical Alpha-Plus, who is initially a little hesitant but ultimately follows the rules; and John "The Savage" is the outsider whose moral disdain, revulsion and fright for the "New World" society leads him to commit suicide.
He feels a sense of empathy to the other players who includes his mother Linda. After he finds them in the hospital taking soma, he communicates to them that it was poison and never intended for human beings. This episode becomes the climax with John being upset by the
The author states that the story opens in London, approximately six hundred years in the future, commonly referred to as “After Ford.” The novel opens in a medical laboratory where the Director of Hacheries and Conditioning is taking some boys through a laboratory where human beings are being artificially developed.
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