Numerous policies and regulations have been developed with the objective of ensuring health institutions and settings provide services in hygienic environments. Apart from the legal requirements, it is an…
Download file to see previous pages...
This refers to the diseases or infections caused by the hospital environment as a favoring factor. According to the CDC the number of deaths as a result of nosocomial diseases is about 100,000 (Acton, 2013). This infections as commonly caused by bacteria and micro-organisms in the hospital environment. Most common nosocomial diseases include pneumonia infections, urinary tract and blood stream infection. In an argument by WHO (2002) nosocomial infections are mostly caused by the inability of health providers to abide by sanitation regulations. The author further asserts that patient mishandling and practitioner carelessness constitute the largest causing factors of nosocomial infections.
The infection’s common route of transmission is direct contact. In this mode of transmission a practitioner may come into contact with a patient with equipment that have not be sanitized, or body to body contact. There infection could also be transmitted through droplet transmission. The droplets may be from a sneeze, cough or talking during sensitive procedures. For instance, a practitioner is required to cover their nose and mouth during surgeries to avoid droplet transmission of infection. Airborne transmission is also a common way nosocomial infection are transmitted. This may be in case or airborne diseases such as tuberculosis. Food, water, devices and medications may also transmit infections if poorly handled.
Acton (2013) asserts that simple precautions could be put in place to minimize the occurrence of nosocomial infections. Firstly, sterilization should be done of equipment that are reused in a medical setting. In an instance where a practitioner or a patient put the environment at the risk of infection, isolation should be considered for the person. This would ensure the person does not contaminate the health setting. For the practitioners basic hygiene procedures should be
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
es includes, ventricular assist device, cardiovascular devices, urinary catheter and penile implants .Other causes blood infections includes use of unscreened blood products, and contact between patients. For central line associated bloodstream infections, they are actually associated with increased length of hospitalization (Guerin, 2010).
APA, English USA, 4 pages, 6 references Drinking Water and Sanitation Name University Abstract The need for safe drinking water and proper sanitation is paramount to achieving the basic standard of living. The need to achieve this goal is especially important in developing countries in Africa and Asia where people live in extreme poverty.
Over the last two decades, hookworm infections have attracted the attention of numerous physicians due to the adverse effects associated with these infections. Much of the negative effects that come along with hookworm infections are of more relevance in the developing world than in the first world countries.
The existence of nosocomial infections is not new and has been there since the inception of hospitals itself. Urinary infections, surgical infections, respiratory diseases and meningitis are among the most common forms of nosocomial infections. Nosocomial infections are of great importance because of the simple fact that even today, when mankind has made so many advancements in pharmacology and antibiotics, these infections still exist.
The paper tells that the symptoms of this infection can be identified after 24 to 72 hours of admission of a patient to the hospital. According to an early research, about 5 percent of the hospitalized patients get infected with nosocomial infection. It is because of the use of invasive procedures that this percentage of infected patients has increased to 8 percent.
Recently, the rise of the infection rates raised an alarm in the medical field. They have caused a high mortality rate in a number of nations, which affects the population growth of the affected countries. In addition, the cost of