Chlamydia is a genus of bacteria that are obligate intracellular parasites. Generally, genus Chlamydia includes three species: Chlamydia muridarum, Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia pneumonia (also known as Chlamydophila pnemoniae). The…
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The main route of infection is vaginal, anal sexual contact and household contact. Children can become infected during passage through the birth canal of mother that carry Chlamydia (Redgrove & McLaughlin, 2014).
Characteristics of Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia trachomatis is an aerobic, obligate, intracellular parasite of eukaryotic cells. It is a Gram-negative bacteria, which demonstrate a coccoid or rod shape. Not taking into account fact that Chlamydia trachomatis is classified as Gram-negative bacterium, it lacks a peptidoglycan cell wall. Chlamydia trachomatis cannot synthesize its own ATP that is why in order to remain viable this bacteria require growing cells. Without host cell, C. trachomatis will die in a short period of time (Byrne, 2003).
As was mentioned above, Chlamydia trachomatis is the one of the most common sexually transmitted disease: for example, in USA more than 4 million cases are diagnosed each year; furthermore, Chlamydia trachomatis is the main reason of preventable blindness (caused by a chlamydial infection called trachoma) in the world. Chlamydia trachomatis also is one of the major causes of infertility in women and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) (Redgrove & McLaughlin, 2014).
Genome of Chlamydia trachomatis consists of 1,042,519 nucleotide base pairs that coding approximately 894 proteins. Chlamydia trachomatis carry one extrachromosomal plasmid, which have a 7493-base pair sequence with 1% nucleotide sequence variation. This plasmid has eight open reading frames that codes proteins more than 100 amino acids long. C. trachomatis plasmid is a main target for DNA-based diagnosis of diseases because one chlamydial particle carry approximately 7-10 copies of highly conserved plasmids (Stephens et al., 1998).
Chlamydia trachomatis has a tricarboxylic acid cycle and glycolytic pathway. These metabolic pathways play a supporting role in chlamydial metabolism. Chlamydia
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It is very easy to treat and cure. But the problem is, in most cases it does not show any symptoms, that is, in 50% of men, and, in 75% of women, it displays no symptoms. So it remains undiscovered and if untreated it can cause serious problems and irreversible damages such as infertility, damage of women’s reproductive organ, discharge from the pennies of an infected man etc.
(Korenrump, 91-101) Persons who suffer from Chlamydia in underdeveloped countries and have no means of seeking treatment may become blind because Chlamydia has the potential of causing trachoma. It is becoming a global interest to control and restrain this budding disease.
Sex education seeks both to reduce the risks of potentially negative outcomes from sexual behavior like unwanted or unplanned pregnancies and infection with sexually transmitted diseases, and to enhance the quality of relationships. It is also about developing young people's ability to make decisions over their entire lifetime.
Incidentally, this kind of ailment which also connotes sexual deviation allegedly earned the wrath of God in the very distant past.2 The Divine Power must be angry again.
History has it that epidemics are the most serious among public health concerns. One dynamic that puts humanity into quandaries of overwhelming magnitude during an epidemic is that man's enemy is the micro-organism that causes the plague.
Research has shown that statistics about STD infections among youths are alarming in the USA. Thus according to a journal article by Josephine Polifroni entitled, ‘STD Facts: Chlamydia in teens’ (2008), “Chlamydia is the most common STD reported in the US and one of the leading causes of infertility.”
According to Karen Duffy and Eastwood Atwater, authors of the book entitled Psychology for Living, chlamydia is a “bacterium that is spread by sexual contact and affects both males and females” (Duffy and Atwater,
It will be erroneous to say that PSAs are broadcasted or aired freely all the time but most of the time PSAs are broadcasted as a donation of the media to some social cause (Bator and Cialdini). By and large Public Service Announcements
According to the report the concept of sustainability within the healthcare practice is expected to enhance the virtues of medical science globally. The advent of globalization has raised the demand of sustainable treatment processes in the domain of health care industry. Countries with lower and middle-income rate requires more varied healthcare programs.
The author states that in the United Kingdom, sexually transmitted infections are a public health concern especially among young sexually active persons particularly those aged between 15 and 25 years. According to Public Health England (2015), there were 440,000 diagnoses of sexually transmitted infections in England.
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