Occupational segregation is the distribution of people based upon demographic characteristics most often gender, across and within occupations and jobs. It occurs where a given occupation employs only a single group of people. Many scholars have argued that occupational…
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receptionists and clerks Francine (139). Labor market discrimination is the differentiation of the workers based on characteristics such as origin, race and gender. Such factors lack a role in the determination of an individual productivity. For example there are various forms most common being wage discrimination, where the discriminated group is paid less for the same kind of jobs. Another form of discrimination is the employment discrimination where by an individual is excluded from an occupation that is performed by a person with an equal productivity. A general misconception prevails that discrimination is only practiced by the employer. However research has proved that customer discrimination also exists in the market where customers prefer to transact with a certain kind of people. Human capital the concept of human capital recognizes that not all labor is equal and that the quality of employees can be improved in investing in them. Nobel laureate Theodore Schultz believed human capital was like any type of capital that could be invested into through formal education, job training, and geographic migration. For example statistics carried out in the US between the years 1970-2007 showed the gender differences in educational attainment. Beginning in high school tends to differ in types of courses taken and chosen specialization. Differences between men and women at the college level are more substantial and persistent Francine (152).
Experience-Earnings profile is the assumption that holds that given the traditional division of labor in the family, women anticipate shorter and less and continuous work careers as opposed to men. Hence making them select occupations that require less investments in education and job training than those chosen by their male counterparts. Women tend to spend more hours on house work thus reducing the efforts they may put
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(“Race and Gender Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 1”, n.d.)
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(Race and Gender Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 1)
“Race and Gender Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/macro-microeconomics/1624024-race-and-gender.
According to the report gender refers to a set of observable characteristics that are used to provide distinction between the male and female in any given population. There exists only two recognizable genders within the population; it describes the femininity and masculinity of persons in any given society. It is a description of the sexual orientation of different people in the overall population.
Fairness among both sexes in economic terms and with reference to occupational responsibilities has been of great concern to many writers and reviewers. As a matter of fact, nations and governments have taken over the issue and constituted various law and regulations that ensure that there is maximum fairness between male and females at the workplace.
Gender is therefore a dynamic entity as compared to sex which is a fixed entity. Mostly the identification of gender is based on the biological characteristics. Among the people, the definition of who is a man or a woman is attributed to the roles that they play.
It explains the health and social effects that this practice has on an individual. It mainly focuses on Sudan, which is one of the underdeveloped countries.This narrative conveys how children who suffer from autism have often been negatively represented in the professional literature and the popular media.
Political representation is essential in the society because politics determine the laws that govern a country, and the method of distributing resources. The Congress is the law-making body, and everyone in this association represents the interest of a certain society.
The film then cuts back to an earlier incident where two people are attempting to purchase a gun from a shop owner, but the shop refuses to sell them the weapon for what appears to be a racial and gender charged reason; the individuals are able to