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Disparity and Discrimination - Case Study Example

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The paper "Disparity and Discrimination" will specifically attempt to compare and contrast the two-abovementioned terms in the context of the criminal justice system and its associated processes involving law enforcement, correction populations, etc…
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Disparity and Discrimination
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Download file to see previous pages Analysis of the material (Greene, 2009) related to criminal justice system has indicated that disparity is often an outcome of discriminatory practices, and on the other hand, individuals often take discrimination as an outcome of disparity. In particular, the disparity is the outcome of two specific factors: legal and extralegal. In the criminal justice system, the former factor plays the role of creating a lawful fundamental foundation regarding a person’s criminal actions in front of the court. For instance, the legal factor is the major component that confirms the detailed decision of a criminal based on his actions and criminal records. In the criminal justice system, law enforcement is an imperative body and it benefits from the legal factor as well. For instance, law enforcement personnel often take individuals under custody at the time of a crime based on their criminal records that indicate the presence of a major component of disparity (Hess, 2008).
On the other hand, the other factor of disparity involves sociological components, such as gender, daily life, social status that do not relate to legal factor; however, plays important role in the criminal justice system (Greene, 2009). For instance, besides considering the legal factor, the courts often consider the extralegal factor of disparity to decide the amount of period of a punishment that results in its relation with discrimination due to its non-legal existence.
In the result, a number of human rights organizations and experts have indicated disparities in the criminal justice systems and specifically, ethnic disparities that then points out the presence of discrimination in the system that is not the actual case. In addition, adversaries argue that the presence of injustice is evident in the system. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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