Nobody downloaded yet


Comments (0) Cite this document
Different learning theorists have created a conception of adult education in connection with the purpose, learner, teacher and methods that increase an active learning process of the adult learners. These learners are influenced by styles, experiences and motivation and need to…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96% of users find it useful
Read TextPreview


Download file to see previous pages There is no single theory as of how to apply learning to all adults. In fact, there were various models and sets of assumptions, theories and explanations that created the base for the learning knowledge for adults. In an attempt to document the differences in the ways the learning process is set up, Malcolm Knowles have created a concept of andragony or the art and science of helping adults to learn. He perceived adult learners as those who move from dependency to enhancing self- directedness while one becomes more experienced and can direct and manage one’s learning. Moreover, adult learners draw on their own experience that help them in learning. They are ready to get acquainted with new social and life roles, are motivated to learn by internal and not by the external environments. Knowles also suggested that adult educators were able to set a cooperative atmosphere for their learning in the classroom, identified their specific needs and interests, developed learning objectives that were based on the learning needs and interests (Adult learning theories, n.d.). Besides, Knowles stated that adult learning activities such as roles plays, various scenarios and inquiry- based dialogues challenged adult learners to thinking, they were also active participants of the problem solving exercise and used appropriate technological resources in their learning. All these activities were defined as active adult learning, which Knowles studied in his theory. His Adult Learning Concept reflected similarities in the adult and child classroom, however, adults generally had different motivations that engaged them to learning. This concept have also reflected differences from the traditional teacher- centered models of child and the educational process as it was.
What is important in Knowles theory is that instructors should be familiar with it, because it helps to develop effective lessons and deliver knowledge in the most ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
Retrieved from
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Training skills and implications of an aging workforce

...? Training skills and implications of an aging workforce al affiliation: Introduction The number of ageing workforce has been on the increase and has concerned the interest of academicians and organization members alike. The baby boomer generation poses an alarming predicament for organizations as speculation of mass retirement sets in. The aim of this study is to look at the training skills and implications of an aging workforce. Further, the study seeks to examine the strategies that an organization’s human resource management can adopt in a bid to cope with the implications. In spite of the discussion and speculation going on around the ageing...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Managing and training a global workforce

...?The human capital of a corporation is its most valuable asset. Due to the rise of the globalization movement multinational corporations deal with labor issues associated with the management of a global workforce. Managing and training international employees has become a critical success factor in the 21st century. Workers need training in order to become more efficient and productive workers. The knowledge economy is forcing companies to spend more money on training and development than in the past. In 2006 the total spending in training in the United States was $55.8 billion (Management-issues). Due to the importance of training companies have to device ways to become more effective at training a global workforce. The managing... to the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Adult Educational and Training Opportunities

... educational and training efforts of adults towards helping the older adults (baby boomers) maintain their skills at workforce. A training need analysis would reveal that there are three key aspects involved in doing so: preparing the in-service, current pre-professional and paraprofessional educational and training opportunities, training certifications, funding and cultural issues as well as issues in climbing up the corporate ladder (New York State Office for Ageing, 2011). Research also shows that the baby boomers tend to be more ethnically diverse and have higher education level than preceding generations (New York State Office for Ageing, 2011). Shortages in labor supply are likely to result as people providing ole age care... ?The key...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Adult Training in Canada

...? Economic activity was uneven during the nineties in Canada which prompted the to conduct a study. The decade had begun with a brief recession in 1991 but thereafter output and employment expanded. Low economic activity implies low productivity and this influences the standard of living. Standard of living depends on the skills of the labor force. Thus, any nation’s economy depends upon the skills that the labor force possesses. Education and training are lifetime activities related to the working career but it is difficult to evaluate the training decisions based on the business cycle as there are many other factors that influence the training decisions. As labour market conditions...
4 Pages(1000 words)Article

Ethical Issue in Adult Education and Training

...Ethical Issue in Adult Education Adult education is defined as activities deliberately fashioned for the purpose of bringing about learning to persons whose age, social roles, or self perceptions define them as adults (Merriam and Brockett 8). Adult education is seen in different light by different stakeholders, but one sure thing is that it provides opportunities to individuals who had by passed their first chance to be in school. From an individual’s point of view, adult education is yet to be fully embraced by everyone as most of the societal members still look at it as a right gesture at the long time. However, it is critical to identify that no one...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

National Training Framework and Vocational Education and Training Workplace

...states and in most subjects, vocational education was granted an exception. In effect, then, vocational and technical education always has had a nontraditional or alternative approach to preparing and certifying its teaching force. This is an approach that dates to 1917, promulgated by Charles Prosser, the first administrative director of the board, who believed that teachers' trade experience would correlate with student outcomes. Today, some vocational-technical educators subscribe to that philosophy, while others lean more toward John Dewey, who promoted a more general education to prepare teachers to help students ready themselves for a lifetime of learning and change. A way of approaching (vocational)...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

Adult Learners in Higher Education and Training

...milestone. Malcolm Knowles was one of the most active adult educators who claimed that learning contracts is the best tool in achieving study goals he sets out for adult learners. Even though contract learning might be one of the most valuable tools for learning in adults it is not always the most useful. In those cases where learners do not have much knowledge about their subject, its depths and its prospects, students are not in a very sound position to make strategies and commitments about the goals they set for themselves in a contract. The main objective of contract learning for Knowles was structuring the learning process in its best and most fruitful way where the...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Adult Education or Training Graphic Organizer

...Adult Education or Training Graphic Organizer Adult Education or Training Graphic Organizer Introduction Education is a social sphere that contributes significantly to the effective functioning of the society. Through this, students are able to be enlightened and imparted with vital skills that can enable them perform their jobs optimally. Recent trends ascertain that technological education is requisite for effective functioning of all students. Due to its dynamic nature, most institutions are increasingly offering it at a higher education level. National trends with respect to quality of the education and participation in the same differ considerably. This is...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Adult Learners in Higher Education and Training

...Adult Learners in Higher Education and Training Adult Learners in Higher Education and Training Contract learning has been a significant mode of learning among the adult learners that provide alternative structured learning. According tom Malcolm Knowles, contract learning is learning that replaces the content of a plan with a learning process (Knowles, 1986). Therefore, the learning process should be self-directed and independent thereby allowing students to be intensely involved in their learning. Knowles’s contract learning urges teachers for the adult learners to make their students active participants rather than passive recipients...
1 Pages(250 words)Term Paper

Adult Learners in Higher Education and Training

     Wherever these basic principles can be spotted, the contract-learning tool can be effectively put to use. According to Knowles, students that are used to a more conventional style of learning may have troubles in adjusting to contract to learn. They will need to reorient themselves to get the most out of their learning contract. These students are usually those who have a habit of following orders and directions from others.

     Contract learning demands from the students to demonstrate conceptual skills to establish evidence or proof of their learning. Contract learning allows adults to choose the area of learning that they are more interested in. This option of exercising...

2 Pages(500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Assignment on topic PHILOSOPHY of ADULT WORKFORCE TRAINING for FREE!

Contact Us