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The leaders crafted policies that ensured continued survival and expansion through ruthless crusades and strategic treaties. It may also have been their dogged determination and ability to rise from the ashes of defeat on to victory as was the case for Rome (Livy, 1905). Monarchies and ruling hierarchies were established along either blood or loyalty lines depending on which strategy served best. At times, it included both cases, for instance, in the case of Genghis Khan. In each case, the subjugation of conquered territories through force, surrender or the brokering of peace treaties fortified the might of the Empire and gave strength and momentum for expansion.
During their various conquests and expansion under various rulers, initial wars were fought with neighboring nations or tribes. Campaigns were sent out in all directions to conquer new lands for the Empire. The rise of the Mongol Empire began at a time when the usually dry and cold steppes of Central Asia got their most favorable conditions for over a hundred years. Thus, the rapid growth in numbers of battle horses, other livestock and food supplies (Burgan, 2005). The growth may have enhanced the military ability of the Mongols. The strategic placement of Rome gave it unrivaled dominance of the Mediterranean Sea and allowed it to encompass peripheral lands was its greatest advantage (Livy, 1905).
Won wars always led to subjugation of conquered peoples. While Rome imposed measures such as payment of taxes and tributes to Rome, Mongols approached matters from a platform of unification by making conditions more favorable for the People. Genghis Khan united rival tribes by banning fighting among Mongols, successfully ending civil strife. He also forbade trading of women, pilfering of other’s property and desiccation of animal populations during the breeding season. According to Burgan, He shared his bounty among all crusaders and their
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In less than a decade, a group of warriors initially consisting of a few men grew spectacularly to an empire that governed all the area of the world from Pacific Ocean to the Danube River. It was one of the most spectacular conquests in the history of the world and one which was the reason of its own destruction.1 The kingdom that began its rule at the steppes region of Mongolia in the 13th century soon changed the way people looked at the world.
The empire was to later grow very rapidly under the management of Genghis Khan and a number of other leaders who came after him. The Empire expanded through inversion of its neighbors, and in most of the inversions, it emerged victorious consequently expanding her territories in every direction (Craig 41).
The Mongolian Empire was created from the amalgamation of the Mongol and the Turkic people under the governance of Genghis Khan. The expansion of the Empire came rapidly because of several acquisitions of other territories by the descendants of Khan. The expansion gave way to economic activities in the Empire and the influx of technology.
A complex portrait of this relationship - civilization and topography - is seen in premodern East Asia within the Mongol tribes and the necessary endeavors they took to foster success of an Empire despite terrains which restrain opportunity.
Early Mongol tribesman crossed similar lands as those within the political boundaries of present day Mongolia.
With the Alexander conquests, the frontiers of Europe were extended to the entire known world. As a result, the Greeks were exposed to different kind of culture and civilization, and it happened at a time, when Greek civilization and literature was its peak.
The first of these are geo-political explanations which look toward the military and strategic circumstances of the Islamic conquest. Another category is sociological explanations which treat the event in terms of the strengths and weakness of both the conquering and conquered cultures.
At the beginning of the 12th century AD, the huge grasslands of Mongolia were resided by Turkish and Mongol-Tung sic tribes, Mongolian tribe being the most populous and the creative one. In 1130 the Mongols entered the regions that are now part of the People’s Republic of China, defeating the powerful Jin Empire and indulged their area of control.
Due to the Tatar yoke, the land of Russia got united under the power of Moscow. With the invasion of the Mongols, the culture and the language of Europe, particularly Russia enriched to a great extent. The result is evident
However, some biographies are documented. The sport of racing as reported from the ten sources here was just another game watched by many just like the Gladiators. The difference depicted from the fact that it could be played even by minors (4). Crescens a
The author states that Mongol people are horse riders and they practice horsemanship as a habit. The pastoralist communities of the Mongol groups depend on their livestock for food. The farming groups of the Mongol people prefer to eat farm products such as grains. The Mongols have settled in mud houses in the banks of Onon River.
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