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At the same time, the demilitarization issue became so controversial because; despite the fact that military empowerment was banned by Article 9 of the constitution, Japan continued to sustain a strong military budget (Buckley 4).
The reforms not only demilitarized Japan but also aimed to enhance democracy and the rule of law in the country. They influenced Japan to shift away from the Meiji Constitution and the Prewar forces and policies. An important pillar of the reforms was the introduction of the initiative that sovereignty comes from the citizens because it eliminates the higher privilege of autocracy. At the same time, the reforms aimed to protect the rights of women. The latter gave the Japanese women the power to vote.
The endorsement of clause 9 of the constitution by the reforms helped to prevent Japan from becoming a violent military power. However, the United States later pressurized Japan to rebuilt its military power for self-defense against other outside ideologies such as communism in other parts of the world, including Asia. This came soon after the Korean War and the Chinese Civil War. During the war in Korea, the US military forces withdrew from Japan. This left the country almost defenseless. A national police reserve was also created that was armed with massive weaponry equivalent to the army. The reforms also led to the formation of the Japan Self-defense Forces that acted as an extension of the police force.
Another reform was liberalization. The priorities of the US towards Japan gradually shifted from the liberal policies to a change in the political stability as well as economic recovery. Democratization and demilitarization lost their momentum and seemed to stall. For example, economic decentralization was uncompleted as the country responded to new imperatives. The US also encouraged industrial policies and business activities that have now become sources of
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Winning the vote and women’s status in political life.In the early history of Britain, women were not given the rights to participate in the voting process until in the year 1832 when the reform act was passed. During the year 1835, municipal corporations act was passed that gave women various opportunities to actively participate in politics (Kent, 1999).
Solon published all laws that governed Athenian society. He also dismissed any debts that were owed, freed a large number of Athenians slaves, and supported olive and wine production. As a result, most Athenian land was set aside for production of these worthwhile crops.
Assumptions, in a similar vein, influence the way people view reality, their actions, and the structure of their relationships. Therefore, basically, beliefs and assumptions influence actions. History is replete with examples of how actions and behaviors were influenced by assumptions and beliefs.
During the tenure of the Labour Party from 1997-2010, many constitutional reforms were introduced in UK. One criticism that has been bought against the Labour party’s reform agenda is that it was not well-synchronized and there were no definite set of guiding principles behind it but it is already clear, going by the impact of this change over the last decade that the British democracy has changed for good.
Healthcare reforms are a broad term used to refer to major alterations/modifications to an already existing health policy or complete introduction of a new healthcare plan altogether (Kronenfeld & Kronenfeld, 2004). The reforms are usually a governmental policy and considerably rework the way health care services are delivered.Reforms endeavor to increase the number of citizens that getvarious health care services through insurance policies from both public and private companies; to diversify the variety of health care providers citizens may pickfrom; to increase the availability of various health care specialists; to better the overall healthcare quality; to increase the number of healthcar
Her success is so much that she has risen to the position of a CEO of such a big firm as Morgan Stanley bank in China. She has not climbed the ladder of corporate success for nothing; her elevation to these high heights is based on the fact that she has achieved a lot in her career.
These ideas may vary in dimensions and scope depending with the individuals at hand, their specific long and short term aspirations, the expected outcome of their interactions and the conditions necessitating the cooperation. The ideas may include views, opinions, sharing of business prospects and opportunities; aspects of culture such as social exchange, education and training, and other socially motivated activities that can in one way or another help integrate individuals from different geographic, economic and social divides.
He further tried to revive Soviet Union by creating new arenas and political bases and coalition with the political parties advocating for reforms. His intentions were to improve the political arena and to resolve the great economic problem that had put the state in stagnation for a long period of time.
Roberts 1994 and Sinetar 1981] that say leadership is something that could be taught and every one in the society can learn these abilities through development programs. Demonstration of great behavior makes a leader great. These behaviors can also be taught to people in leadership positions.
Life in the society entails the inequalities and differences, beliefs, norms and values. Differences and inequalities are produced by the different characteristics portrayed by people in the streets. Each person portrays their own characteristics and they are all different.
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