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Segregation in the South included schools, public facilities, separate waiting room in train station, separate seats in all forms of transportation ,separate drinking fountain, telephone boots and cemeteries, public entertainment, libraries, auditorium etch. It was followed by Disenfranchisement Law which prohibited African Americans to vote which made the plight of the African American more miserable.
This caused the Civil War between the Confederates of the South who wanted to retain slavery and the Union of the North where it wanted to abolish it. The end of the civil war (with the north winning) effectively begun the reconstruction period in the South which in essence failed because it was not able to provide some civil rights to African Americans as it intended to.
In 1876 however, the Republicans gained majority control in Congress under the leadership of Harry Truman altered the pattern of discrimination and passed the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution where several civil rights bills were introduced which will give every Americans equal protection before the law (Cornell University Law School, nd). This should have provided the African American to vote but this was circumvented in many ways that prevented the African Americans to vote (i.e. poll taxes, literacy test, grandfather clauses)
Advocates of African American equality in the form of philosophy and art came into being in the form of Harlem Renaissance. The personalities of Locke and Dubois then asserted that African Americans too are equality talented as any other race and called on Negro Art to be used for the emancipation of the African Americans against discrimination. In this aspect, they called on the ending of segregation through the arts by elevating the African American to the status equal to any other race.
There were also countless acts of protest of such discrimination
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In a July 2003 Census Bureau report entitled African Americans by the Numbers, we can readily discern that there is light at the end of the tunnel for the continued climb of the African American educational attainment level. The reports says; “ among African Americans age 25 and over, 80 % had at least a high school diploma-a record high.
While scientific methods as well as political and economic phenomena may also be ap0plied towards the explanation of social phenomena, research apply subjectivity in understanding social phenomena. Social theory explains the changes
African Americans in the US armed forces were way above half a million by 19431. It is important to note here that most of these African American soldiers were not allowed or rather offered a chance to fight externally and therefore were based within United States
Throughout history, they faced various forms of suppression and oppression. Despite all this, African-Americans have managed to make their lives more livable by exhibiting a great degree of resilience. This work
Although freedom was largely desired by everybody, it came with both positive and negative effects.
Ending slavery meant that African Americans could not be forced to move to different parts to work therefore ensuring family unity unlike during slavery
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