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Within the two houses of the legislative branch, one branch would consist of people who were to be elected by the citizens for a term of three years while the other branch called for a group of older leaders that state legislatures elected for a term of seven years of service.
Under the New Jersey Plan, the proposal was to have a unicameral legislative branch and each state, no matter what the size of its population, would have one vote. This proposal was written as a response to the Virginia Plan to help give smaller states just as strong or equal power to the larger states. The New Jersey Plan gave Congress the power to set and collect taxes. All federal laws trumped state laws. For the Congress, there would be an executive council which could be subjected to a recall by governors of each state. These members would serve a four-year term. In the judicial branch, the executive branch would appoint the members and these members would serve for a life term.
There are significant differences in the congressional representation in the plans. The Virginia Plan gave more power to larger states and would base representation of the people on the population of the states. Both houses of the legislature would have representation based on population proportions. The New Jersey Plan called for a representation that was more equal so that each state was on a more even scale. Population would not be the determination of the state’s members and each would have equal representation under this plan because these people thought that this gave the larger states too much power. There would only be one house of legislature and there would be one vote per state.
Congress, under the Virginia Plan, had terms of offices that were not specified though they would be made up the three different branches of the government. The legislative branch could deny any state laws if they did not follow suit with
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The main aim of the convention was to revise the Articles of Confederation, but many of the proponents expressed their intention of creating a new government rather than maintaining the existing one. The convention, being George Washington as its president, brought forward the Constitution of the United States, which marked the convention as a crucial episode in the history of the United States.
The Constitution of 1787 laid the groundwork for the newly established United States government.The principles, in terms of government, established in the Constitution have remained pivotal elements of the United States over two hundred years after it was established.
Lacking coercive authority, Congress entirely depended upon monetary hand-outs from the states, which at that time refused the Congress requests to be financed (McClellan 1-2).
Congress at this time was totally bogged down
According to the study, while the two plans agree on the number of branches of government, i.e. the Legislature, the Judiciary and the Executive, the composition and the jurisdiction of the three arms of government differ in the two plans. The Virginia plan supports the creation of national branches of government, with national jurisdiction.
Randolph and the New Jersey plan by Mr. Patterson. Mr. Patterson proposed a government with different branches. According to him, the U.S Federal government should include the Congress, which preserves the
The constitutional Convention took place in Philadelphia and led to the creation of US Constitution used today. Some of the key frameworks leading to the constitution were Virginia and New Jersey plans.
Both propose that the national government comprise of three branches: the legislature or congress, the executive and judiciary. The national legislature (Congress) was to consist of two branches: the senate and the lower house but both were representatives of the
This plan came up with a legislature with all the houses on the basis of proportionate display. Much of the plan got adopted by the convention and became part of the constitution.
Although, the smaller states were objected to the balanced exhibition and answered
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