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History Of Architecture NoteBook 2 - Book Report/Review Example

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This was a time of the emergence of the Industrial Revolution , Democracy and European colonization in the rest of the world. There was also a shift in philosophical thinking as…
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History Of Architecture NoteBook 2
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Download file to see previous pages According to him, an architectural piece could only be beautiful when it fulfills the purpose it is made for. The architect Ledoux on the other hand, incorporated nature in his forms. Circle and square were the basic geometric shapes he used in his designs.
When Sixtus V become the Pope (1471-84), he was not happy with the simple appearance of Rome and therefore he began considerable planning for extension. Roads, walls, bridges and aqueducts were repaired. Some structure were reformed according to the then current needs. Civic structure was also improved. Sixtus V improved the planning by clearing the city plan to form three straight lines form the northern city gate, Porta Del Popola. This was hard to achieve given the topographic structure of the place but the resulting plan was most beneficial for the pilgrims coming to Rome.
Sixtus also worked on reviving and improving the most important monument in Rome- the Basilica of St. Peters. He not just revived the monument but also improved the route leading to the monument. To make the monument easy to find, Sixtus added the Vatican Obelisk to the building in 1586. Obelisk with their oval shapes were common in the Baroque style. The work initiated by Sixtus on St. Peters was completed by architect Gianlorenzo Berini (1598-1680) and engineer, Domenico Fontana during the Baroque Period. The Baroque style in Rome was dominated by Bernini for 50 years.
Berninis work during the Baroque Period have become to define the Baroque Style of Architecture. The drama seen in the Baroque Style was quite common in Berninis work. For instance, in the S. Andrea Al Quirinale (1658-70), Bernini combines sculpture, painting, stucco work with lightning to create a dramatic effect.
Along with Bernini, Francesco Borromini (1599- 1667) was yet another major architect of the Baroque style. Borromini initially worked under Bernini but later came forward as a competitor. Borrominis plans were based on complex interlocking of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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