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German Civilization (Lesson 4: The Decline of the Weimar Republic and the Rise of the Nazi Party) - Essay Example

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The notion ‘stab in the back’ by General Ludendorff refers to the claim that the enemy had not defeated the German army, but their loss was because of the revolutionary forces, which were inside Germany. This was a belief that some civilians on the home front betrayed them,…
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German Civilization (Lesson 4: The Decline of the Weimar Republic and the Rise of the Nazi Party)
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German Civilization (Lesson 4: The Decline of the Weimar Republic and the Rise of the Nazi Party)

Download file to see previous pages... He also bases on the fact that no fighting was done on German soil. He claimed that those republicans responsible for overthrowing of the monarchy and the civilians on the home front let him down by failing to support him and that they proved not worthy of being a fighting nation tradition.
This notion was rejected by many scholars unanimously, inside and outside Germany. Hunt (1969) argues that this notion was an irrational belief that was used to command the force of convictions of irrefutable emotions for millions of Germans. He argues that there was a sense of communal shame behind these beliefs, for losing the war rather than causing it. He further argues that this was not guilty of wickedness rather; it was shame of weakness, which seized the national psychology of Germany.
The right-wing political factions picked up the notion ‘stab in the back’ and used it to attack the early Weimer government which was SPD-led, that had just come to power in the November 1918 German Revolution. The German leaders of the government who, in November 1918, signed the Armistice were denounced by the advocates as the ‘November Criminals’ (Hunt 117). The legend was made an integral part of the official history of the Nazis of the 1920 when they got to power in 1933. Through this, they were able to portray the Weimar Republic as having been the work of the ‘November Criminals’ that were trying to seize power and betray the nation through ‘stabbing in the back’. This propaganda by the Nazi gave a picture of Weimar as degeneracy, a morass of corruption, cruel persecution of the honest, fourteen years of rule by Marxists, ‘cultural Bolsheviks’ and Jews, who had eventually been swept away by Adolf Hitler through National Socialist Movement and the ‘national revolution’ victory of 1933.
Ex-military leaders, nationalists, and conservatives began to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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