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This resulted in significant losses among the European nations, both economically and politically, that had controlled resources in the Americas.
The European countries ventured in Africa with a desire to maintain their wealth and political power. They promoted this new form of imperialism as a “moral obligation to civilize” the African communities (Louis, 2006). They also justified their entry and scramble for Africa with views such as seeking new markets and accessing resources for their newly formed industries. However, the main underlying reason for colonization of Africa was to seize the opportunity to demonstrate political and economic superiority over their rivals. Different countries used different approaches in exerting their influence on the African continent. The British used indirect rule while the French implemented the assimilation policy. The Belgians and Germans, on the other hand, used cruelty to maintain their control over African communities they ruled (Louis, 2006). Regardless of the tactics used, however, the hegemony over the African continent would only last a few generations before independence movements and revolutions emerged to help Africans regain control of their continent.
Most of the communities in Africa reacted angrily to the control of the Europeans. Many of them rejected the colonial rule from the very onset. In Nigeria, for instance, the British Empire took over the region and exerted its control over the local communities. The Western African region the British took over was made up of different communities, some of which had their own leadership structures (Louis, 2006). Modern countries such as Nigeria, Benin, and Cameroun did not exist at the time the British gained control of the massive area in West Africa around River Niger. The British tried to bring the different communities together under one rule and one structure of governance. This move was met with great resistance,
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From the research it can be comprehended that the welfare of the citizens is what makes a government effective or otherwise. Regardless of the system of governance that a particular government adopts, it is the well-being of the people who live in a country that is the proof of the success and efficiency of the nation state.
Most recently it got freedom from the clutches of colonial rule of British Empire. Officially British Empire started ruling on India from 1857 and the rule came to an end in 1947. British ruled gave English language, modern Science, Industry, Railway, Political Parties and Voting system to India.
Bob Tricker believes that the term ‘corporate governance’ was hardly in use before 1980s (du Plessis, et al, 2010). Many think that the phrase was started to be visible in the picture of global business after 1990s. It is such a concept that is still believed to be indefinable by several experts.
Evaluation of criminal justice authority or discretion is of considerable significance; it ensures that no personnel in the criminal justice systems misuse or abuse power. Discretionary authority is widely practiced in the various fields of criminal law justice. For instance, police officers use discretion.
For administrators, both in the private and public sector, governance involves a delicate balance between the needs and the resources with efficient governance based on how well such balance is sought and maintained. The conceptualizations of governance are based on numerous interpretations and applications.
The criteria used for the evaluation of political and social frameworks worldwide are likely to be differentiated being influenced by the local ethics and values; the position of each country in the international community and its power to influence the decisions of international organizations are also likely to affect the country’s political and social characteristics and initiatives.
The minority shareholders in UK are protected by the City Code of Takeovers and Mergers. Financial Reporting Review Panel has authority to acquire any information required for auditing. Company Directors Disqualification act may forbid anyone to hold a
g this period, the African continent faced an enormous European imperialist aggression, diplomatic strains, military assaults, and the eventual takeover and colonization. During the same period, the African societies had to put up various forms of struggle against the attempt to
More importantly, the chapter dwells on the procedures and methodologies that will be involved in working on the paper. 21
Corporate governance in general has become the new crucible in which corporations are tested and declared worthy of the trust of
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