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Industrial revolution occurred between 1750 and 1850. It is considered to be the most significant event in human history after domestication of animals and plants. Industrial revolution started in England and spread abundantly all over the globe changing the lives of many people. In 1784, innovation of steam engine was one of the many technologies which brought industrial revolution. The efficiency and power of industrial revolution lifted the modest workshop industries to high speed factories. One of its key achievements was the impact it had on the iron industry. Since the middle age till 17th century, iron industry used trial-and- error methods. Wood was mainly used as combustible fuel. However, in 18th century, wood was replaced with coal as a combustible fuel for producing wrought and cast iron (Esler & Elis, 2007).
Use of furnaces further refined the process of iron production and consisted of two separate compartments. In the field of metallurgy, use of furnaces enhanced production of wrought iron. This iron was considered to be the best quality to be used for machinery and construction. Further industrial growth brought the emergence of steel which was a major breakthrough. It was the first metal used to construct road, bridges, canals, and railroads in France and England before spreading to the rest of Europe. The other advantage of industrial revolution was introduction of faster mode of transport which facilitated travelling of goods and people. In addition, it led to emergence of new era of commercial activities which strengthened economy (Esler & Elis, 2007).
However, industrial revolution had a profound impact on conditions of human beings especially workers in urban areas. The shift of agrarian occupation to that of industry, led to a dramatic increase in urban population. High population increased spread of diseases while crime and filth became the dominating themes of the city life. The working
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It is almost impossible to imagine what the world would be like if the effects of the Industrial Revolution were swept away”. However, the industrial revolution engulfing the whole societies of the world is not an appealing idea as this process can bring about huge disaster to the planet and its natural resources.” Industrial revolution has brought about immense change in the lifestyle of people as steam engine replaced the wind, water and animal and manpower as main source.
Background: Unlike any other revolution in the history of world, this particular revolution was not bloody in its outlook. It did not result in life loss neither did it cause any upheaval, rather it gave a new outlook to the world, made the events more progressive, changed the life styles, living patterns, working procedures and many other elements on individual and collective level.
The author states that Industrial revolution improved the daily lives of Americans by diversifying the number and quality of the products available in the market. It led to increased output for companies, which in turn improved the life of the ordinary Americans. The citizens lived a better life with the focus being on the increased time and convenience.
Before the Industrial Revolution, big "firms" (that is the merchant-entrepreneurs) were quite widespread, but almost all of their work-force was domestic labor (cottage industry). The firm owned the raw materials, almost all the goods in process, tools and equipment, and outsourced physical production to workers' homes.
This essay discusses that The fertility rate has increased same as the life expectancy. Gradually the industrialization has enticed a huge number of migrants from villages in search of better surveillance.The urbanization has a pressurized city municipal sanitation system and there was an extreme shortage of basic needs.
ates this period is generally agreed to have begun at the time of the Civil War (1861-1865).” (Business Dictionary) the main phase of the revolution was that a great change was brought about in the field of technology which involved new techniques in the use of machinery.
Factories came up during this period and mass production began. The steam engine, the textile and iron industries were vital in bringing change during this period. The fields of banking, transportation and
Key among these reasons is the belief that the British were just fortunate people who happened to be at the right place at the right time. However, the people could have opted not to work. Nature had given the Britons more to work with than people in other places and so the
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