It was a period of fertile intellectual discussion about various forms of government and their merits and demerits. It was a time when many societies were coming out of agrarian economies and embracing…
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With Europe as its epicentre, nationalism was mooted as the collective geo-political representation of a race (ethnicity) of people. Another feature of most modern nation-states is their capitalist orientation, although it was less pronounced in the 19th century. (Cottam & Cottam, 2001)
The modern state is defined by a few key characteristics: contiguous territory, salaried bureaucrats, common administration, representative government, etc. It is fair to claim that this model of governance has prevailed ever since its development in the mid-19th century. While the French Revolution was the initial spark which promoted the idea of nationalism, the concept has evolved and adapted in the ensuing decades. But one clear marker of the modern nation-state is its resolute opposition to traditional forms of authority. At the same time some nationalisms have followed an authoritarian path. Usually, this is witnessed in countries where religious conservatism is prevalent. (Gilbert & Helleiner, 1999)
Another defining feature of nation-states is the shared bonds of language and culture among citizens. New technologies of communication have somewhat helped in consolidating national identities. But the challenge of many nation-states today is in accommodating diversity of thought, language and culture in political discourse. Political scientists talk of in and out groups with reference to national minorities. There has been a painful history of conflict as fledgling nations were developing their national identity. The conflict between Muslims and Greeks & Jews and Christians in the final years of the Ottoman Empire (present day Turkey), are cases in point. The strife between Han Chinese and the Manchu ethic group is another painful episode of nation formation. In Western Europe, the widespread ostracism of Jews was a major problem. (Ersoy et. al, 2010) The tragic event of the holocaust goes on to show how ethnic conflict can escalate in magnitude.
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On the other hand, the hypothetical differentiation involving the two is of vital consideration (Sarmah 3). State people are law-structured in a specific territory. There are four elements that constitute a state: populace, territory, government and sovereignty.
In Max Weber's influential definition, it is that organization that has a "monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory". Thomas Hobbes, the famous English Royalist who had a great influence on Western political philosophy, in his book Leviathan also gives a profound explanation concerning the concept of state.
The attacks have made Americans more nationalistic. With this great sense of nationalism comes the state of mind of being greater. Americans are so proud to be Americans that they look down on other nationalities.
This American value of superiority
It is sometimes referred to as UNCLOS.
The United Nations sponsored the treaty, which took effect in 1994 after 60 nations ratified it. The agreement applies only to nations that have officially consented
Problems arose from this situation because previous organizations like the League of Nations had not succeeded, so it was important to create a body that was not similarly flawed. Earlier organizations had also failed
UN is an organization regarded as an intergovernmental organization. It was created in 1945 with an aim of promoting international co-operations. It was organized in the Second World War with an aim of preventing world conflict from taking
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