Their ancestors were taken to American colonies as slaves in the 17th and 18thcenturies. These slaves descended from prisoners captured by African states and sold to, Europeans or American slave traders…
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Violent groups like Ku Klux Klan terrorized and killed many blacks; whites who sympathized with blacks were beaten up and murdered. Other groups that were in support of slavery comprised; the White League, that started from white reservists in Grant Parish, Louisiana, in 1874 and the Red Shirts that started in Mississippi. These revolutionary organizations rose in the South during the mid-1870s and were more focused in challenging Republican governments, overturning the black vote and attaining political goals (Hine & Harrold, 38-39).
Unlike southerners, northerners were strongly against slavery. They devoted their lives to securing black freedom. As time went on many people united in the fight to end captivity and many slaves were helped escape to the North trough secret routes. Blacks were also themselves against slavery. They organized groups such as American Society of Free Persons of Color, which gave social aid to poor blacks and planned answers to political issues and Black church that rose to be the central point of the Black community. It served as a place of worship, educational center, a place where African heritage was celebrated.
Even though there existed strong force against Black freedom: slavery, some African Americans that were elected leaders such as Abraham Lincoln, Hiram Revels amongst many others that came to Congress from South Carolina, Georgia, and Mississippi were also strongly against slavery. They were for the Blacks freedom. These new politicians gave support to the Republicans and brought further developments to their lives. Schools for black children established since they were not permitted to join same schools with whites. These “separate but equal” institutions were so important in shaping the lives of blacks as they were able to learn and build their strengths freely without discrimination.
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Emotions are like the recurring storms and every storm leaves behind it, devastation in different degrees. Is it possible to find an authentic solution, viewed from all angles, to the problem of racism in America? The pages of American history daubed in bloodshed in the name of ethnicity and color asks the crying question.
Wolff notes that African Americans have come a long way to be where they are today (par. 1). They have had to overcome many challenges, including racial discrimination, segregation, political and economic injustice mated on them by their white counterparts.
After World War I, everyone, particularly the African Americans hoped to find equality and harmony in the country. They nurtured great expectations due to their excellent work and war records they possessed. There were thousand of Black Americans serving in the war in different capacities such as Black road builders, Black trucking Companies, etc.
To make a comparison between them, it would be logical to first discuss Malcolm X who is more popular in an urban sense and then focus on Martin Luther King who appears to be more acceptable as a populist leader.
Northerners created a face of Abolitionists and claimed to end slavery because it was immoral, as they believed. Most of them believed that everyone is supposed to be treated equally as stated in Constitution and slavery had
Tracing the African American culture can be a great challenge since there is no specific geographical location or a group of people in Africa that were shipped from different parts of the continent to the New World. Furthermore, the African American came as a result of the enslaved Africans in America who desired new life.
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