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Census (Davidson, Walter, and Frances 42-46). Nevertheless, districting in the elections for the House of Representatives stands out as one of the sources of partisan polarization (Carson et al 1). There are significant problems associated with districting in single member states (Garrett 1-6). Single-member district electoral system fosters poor representation and undermines the democratic voting process. In reviewing and advancing the argument about polarization and districting, we can show that districting plays a significant role in enhancing polarization.
In Rethinking Districting, Thomas Brunell argues that voters who did not vote for the winning candidate are less happy compared to the voters who voted for the winning candidate in the House of Representatives (Brunell 77). The single-member district electoral system creates a disconnection as the minority voters do not identify with the winning representatives. Like-minded partisans enhance cohesion in the House (McCarty et al 4-6). Otherwise, establishing a competitive district in the House has an adverse effect of distorting the ideologically congruent voters into separate districts, which will increase the absolute number of voters who will be unhappy with the outcome and dissatisfied with their representative (Brunell 77). Where most of the voters are unhappy with the outcome and dissatisfied with their representative, then the political leaders will have a huge challenge in exercising their power. This has an overall effect of demeaning representation and undermining development since the voters will not support the decisions of the House of Representatives.
The districting process is also problematic because the single-member district electoral system may determine the leaders and the party, which will govern our local district even before the voters exercise their voting rights. The single-member district electoral system favors certain candidates and parties since it confines
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The concept of a party system started in the US and immediately reached other democracies. European scholars Bryce and Ostrogorsky are the pioneers in this concept. The party system of today is adopted from the ideas of Giovanni Sartori who suggested the classification of party systems into the number of relevant parties as well as their degree of fragmentation (Karnoven & Kuhnle, 2000; Lipset & Rokkan, 1967; Sartori, 2005).
It is an observation that in the past years, most of the scholars and experts (Hyneman, pp. 11-12, 2003) have focused on the matter of politics, rather than the methodology of its study that plays a crucial role in acquiring quality matter on
nder this condition up to the moment the appeal is decided by Court, whereby there has to be a tentative setting of appeal for hearing for a period of five days after the applications of the respondents. Therefore, there is a need for a consented order for staying declaration of
Canadians deserve better. We all know it. Unfortunately, we could never come out of the circles of scandals after scandals for far too long. The curse of divisive politics made it impossible to come out of this quagmire
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Aristotle wrote several articles related to politics and these articles have been very vital to the people studying and practicing history and political science. He suggested several ideas that could be very important to leaders and political experts in
She opines that academic elitism pits the advantaged learners against the disadvantaged learners; therefore, facilitating conflict of interest. Additionally, she observes that knowledge equaled experience; however, the question remains how to access the knowledge for the
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