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Ancient Sumer and Egypt - Essay Example

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This essay compares Ancient Sumer and Egypt. People belonging to these two kingdoms deemed their rulers were similar to gods. Both Ancient Sumer and Egypt civilization depended on rivers or irrigation for their livelihoods though there were some who traded with their neighboring states…
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Ancient Sumer and Egypt
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Download file to see previous pages However, sometimes due to their knowledge especially the scribes, they conflicted with king’s directives. This is because of their critical managerial roles in the entire empire though they revered the highest office’s authority (Hansen & Kenneth 34). Ancient Sumer Empire believed in various family gods, which they attributed with the responsibility of managing nature through each having distinct roles (Hansen & Kenneth 34). Some of these gods embrace Ninhursag, Nunurta, Inanna, Enki, Enlil, and Inanna (Bancroft-Hunt 44). The most powerful deity in Ancient Sumer was the storm god because he had the strength to control floods and storms that affected their livelihood as a farming empire. In addition, the human king played an essential role, which is being an intermediary between the people and the Sumer’s citizens. Sumerians preferred urban life despite the majority of them depending on farming. They also spoke one language, which they used as a form of identification and belonging regardless of emanating from the diverse city-states (Donn, & Don 17).
Ancient Egypt’s political authority revolved around the Pharaoh whom the people deemed was a son of Ra (deity of the sun) (Steele 12). Therefore, according to the citizens, Pharaoh was more of god than a mere mortal man in the entire empire (Steele 12). He also assumed the entire empire’s power though he exercised his decrees via the priests and other holy men who belonged to a noble group (Steele 12). Taxation also existed all through the empire whereby citizens gave out their respective portions to the government based on yields or profits they attained (Steele 35). Failure to comply with taxation rules, the government subjected the convicted to forced labor and slavery with the intention of catering for the portions they did not pay. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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